Takeshi Isomura

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A smoking habit is maintained by psychological and physical nicotine dependence. We thought up a new concept, "social nicotine dependence", which is a part of psychological dependence, and developed a new questionnaire, "The Kano Test for Social Nicotine Dependence (KTSND)" version 2. The KTSND has ten questions with a total score of 30. In order to(More)
PURPOSE "Social nicotine dependence" is a newly-coined phrase for describing a psychological and psychosocial state associated with smoking. That new dependence is defined as a misperception of smoking caused by smokers' attempts, for example, to deny the ill effects of tobacco and/or to justify themselves by regarding smoking as acceptable cultural and(More)
Some of the difficulties in treating second and third generation Japanese immigrant families are reviewed. An authoritarian, rather concrete approach to symptom relief is expected by, and is effective in, some families. The emphasis placed on academic achievement may lead to particular problems and misunderstandings. Two case examples of very different(More)
The neural reward circuit and cognitive distortion play an important role in addiction; however, the relationship between the two has not yet been addressed. In this article, we review recent findings on nicotine dependence and propose a novel hypothesis. Previous research using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has shown that while activation of(More)
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