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PURPOSE Few randomized trials have demonstrated survival benefit of combination chemotherapy involving new agents plus cisplatin compared with classic combination chemotherapy in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The primary aim of this study was to test whether docetaxel plus cisplatin (DC) improves survival compared with vindesine plus(More)
DESIGN The aim of this study was to determine the association between aging and adiponectin level from the aspect of the influence of renal function and sex hormones in humans. METHODS Serum adiponectin and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels were measured in 964 subjects (372 males) aged 60.3+/-12.5 years. Testosterone and free testosterone levels were(More)
Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is a cardiomyopathy characterized by numerous excessively trabeculations and deep intertrabecular recesses. This study was performed to investigate Japanese LVNC patients for disease-causing mutations in a series of selected candidate genes. DNA was isolated from the peripheral blood of 79 cases including 20 familial(More)
OBJECTIVE Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), as an indicator of atherosclerosis in impaired fasting glucose (IFG), was studied in 232 subjects randomly selected from inhabitants of two rural communities in Japan. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS BMI, systolic blood pressure (SBP), fasting blood glucose (FBS), lipid parameters, ankle brachial pressure(More)
The outcome for patients with lung cancer has not changed significantly for more than two decades. Several studies show that the overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/vascular permeability factor and epidermal growth factor (EGF) and their receptors correlates with the clinical outcome for lung cancer patients. However, clinical trials(More)
Purpose: Amrubicin is a novel 9-aminoanthracycline. This multicenter phase II study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of amrubicin in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients and methods: Sixty-one previously untreated patients with stage III or IV NSCLC were entered this study. The patients were required to have(More)
PURPOSE Ghrelin, a novel growth hormone-releasing peptide,has been shown to cause a positive energy balance by stimulating food intake and inducing adiposity. We sought to investigate the pathophysiology of ghrelin in cachexia associated with lung cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Plasma ghrelin level was measured in 43 patients with lung cancer and 21 control(More)
Results of a 6-year follow-up study were used to determine whether the concept of and the criteria for metabolic syndrome as defined by the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) can be applied to Japanese men for prediction of the occurrence of cardiac disease. The subjects were 808 men who underwent mass health(More)
Risk of chronic pulmonary emphysema from exposure to tobacco smoke varies widely from person to person, depending in part on the status of particular genes and acquired susceptibilities. Certain genes determine how cells activate and/or detoxify tobacco smoke products. We aimed to determine whether any genetic susceptibility exists in the development of(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively identify radiographic characteristics of stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that may correlate with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) or HER2 expression or with prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was approved by the institutional review board, with waiver of informed consent, and was in compliance with(More)