Takeshi Ichikawa

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Inactivation of the p53 pathway represents the most common molecular defect of human cancer. But in the setting of melanoma, a highly aggressive and invariably fatal malignancy in its advanced disseminated form, mutation/deletion of p53 is relatively rare, whereas its positive regulator ARF is often lost. Here, we show that genetic deficiency in Arf but not(More)
BACKGROUND The number of patients with morbid obesity is increasing worldwide. However, the prevalence of morbid obesity is still low in Japan, and therefore few systematic investigations of liver dysfunction in this population have so far been carried out. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics in severe obese Japanese patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The pathophysiological mechanisms leading to the development of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) remain unclear. There are differences in the susceptibility to NASH between the different species and sexes. The investigation of the precise mechanism of interstrain differences may provide new means by which the pathophysiological(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of acute hepatitis A infection in Japan peaked 10 years ago and has been decreasing since then. However, an increase in severe cases of the disease has been documented recently. We experienced an outbreak in 1998-1999, and compared the clinical features of the disease in 1998-1999 (recent outbreak) and in 1987-1988 (past outbreak)(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) inhibits liver fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in animal models. NK2 is a natural splice variant of HGF, but its in vivo function remains to be elucidated. We investigated the in vivo effects of NK2 on CCl4-induced liver fibrosis. METHODS NK2 transgenic mice and wild-type (WT) mice were(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Bleeding from ectopic varices, including duodenal varices, is uncommon, but it can be difficult to manage. The clinical data of patients diagnosed and treated for duodenal varices were reviewed to investigate the strategy for treatment. METHODS The present study reviewed the clinical data of 10 patients with duodenal varices (mean age,(More)
Valproic acid, a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, induces the cytochrome P450 2B subfamily. However, the effects of HDAC inhibitors on CYP2B induction are still not fully understood. Nuclear receptor constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) is a key regulator of CYP2B induction. In this study, we investigated the effect of HDAC inhibitors on CAR-mediated(More)
AIM To predict which chronic hepatitis C patients are likely to be late-responders, we herein investigated the clinical characteristics of null-responders at 36 wk with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype Ib and a high viral load during the course of pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN)/ribavirin therapy. METHODS One hundred forty-two patients with genotype Ib HCV(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of transforming growth factor (TGF)-α on fibrosis varies between cell types and the role of TGF-α in hepatic fibrosis has not been fully elucidated. METHODS We examined the effect of TGF-α on hepatic fibrosis using TGF-α-expressing transgenic mice fed a methionine- and choline-deficient (MCD) diet and human hepatic stellate cells(More)