Takeshi Hirayama

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We describe here the cloning and characterization of a cDNA encoding a protein kinase that has high sequence homology to members of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) kinase kinase (MAPKKK or MEKK) family; this cDNA is named cATMEKKI (Arabidopsis thaliana MAP kinase or ERK kinase kinase 1). The catalytic domain of the putative ATMEKK1 protein shows(More)
A cDNA corresponding to a putative phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) in the higher plant Arabidopsis thaliana was cloned by use of the polymerase chain reaction. The cDNA, designated cAtPLC1, encodes a putative polypeptide of 561 aa with a calculated molecular mass of 64 kDa. The putative product includes so-called X and Y domains found(More)
Water deficit and the resulting osmotic stress affect plant growth. To understand how plant cells monitor and respond to osmotic change from water stress, we isolated a cDNA from dehydrated Arabidopsis plants. This cDNA encodes a novel hybrid-type histidine kinase, ATHK1. Restriction fragment length polymorphism mapping showed that the ATHK1 gene is on(More)
Twelve patients with deafferentation pain secondary to central nervous system lesions were subjected to chronic motor cortex stimulation. The motor cortex was mapped as carefully as possible and the electrode was placed in the region where muscle twitch of painful area can be observed with the lowest threshold. 5 of the 12 patients reported complete absence(More)
In a study in 29 health centre districts in Japan 91 540 non-smoking wives aged 40 and above were followed up for 14 years (1966-79), and standardised mortality rates for lung cancer were assessed according to the smoking habits of their husbands. Wives of heavy smokers were found to have a higher risk of developing lung cancer and a dose-response relation(More)
Analysis of the authors' experience over the last 10 years has indicated that excellent pain control has rarely been obtained by thalamic relay nucleus stimulation in patients with thalamic pain. In the present study, 11 patients with thalamic pain were treated by chronic stimulation of the precentral gyrus. In eight patients (73%), the stimulation system(More)
AIM To investigate whether the aqueous levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) are correlated to the vitreous levels of these substances and to the severity of macular oedema in branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). METHODS Aqueous and vitreous samples were obtained during cataract and vitreous surgery from 24 patients(More)
Helicobacter pylori, a Gram-negative gastric bacterium, secretes VacA, a cytotoxin that causes vacuolar degeneration of susceptible cells. Velocity sedimentation analysis showed that treatment of VacA at alkaline pH led to disassembly of VacA oligomers, an observation reported previously for acid-treated VacA. Exposure of VacA to acid or alkali increased(More)
We isolated a membrane-bound metallopeptidase, DINE (damage-induced neuronal endopeptidase), by differential display PCR using rat normal and axotomized hypoglossal nuclei. The most marked properties of DINE were neuron-specific expression and a striking response to axonal injury in both the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system. For(More)
The cdc2 gene product (p34cdc2) has been thought to play a central role in control of the mitotic cell cycle of yeasts and animals. To approach an understanding of the cell-cycle-control system in higher plants, we isolated, from an Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA library, two clones (CDC2a and CDC2b) similar to the Schizosaccharomyces pombe cdc2 gene. Genomic(More)