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PURPOSE Lutein deposits in the macula and lens of human eyes with high concentration and is well known as an eye-protective nutrient for its beneficial effects on eye disease such as age-related macular degeneration and cataract. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of lutein on endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU) in rats. METHODS(More)
Liver X receptors (LXRs) belong to the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. Multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2), multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) play an important role in the efflux of a broad range of endogenous and xenobiotic compounds from hepatocytes. Since the effects of LXR activation on there(More)
To examine the effects of alcohol consumption on cancer risk, we measured oxidative DNA damage and its repair activity in the livers and esophagi of rats fed with ethanol. Using our previously designed protocol for feeding rats with a high concentration of ethanol, we examined the effects of ethanol consumption on 8-oxo-Gua generation and repair activity in(More)
Hand-foot skin reaction is a most common multi-kinase inhibitor-related adverse event. This study aimed to examine whether the toxicity of sorafenib and sunitinib for human keratinocytes was associated with inhibiting signal transduction and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). We studied whether STAT3 activity affects sorafenib- and sunitinib-induced cell(More)
BACKGROUND Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors are associated with dermatological adverse events. The chief aim of this study was to examine the relation between the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) protein and the dermatological adverse events associated with the mTOR inhibitor everolimus. METHODS We evaluated the(More)
Although the toxicity of metal contaminated soils has been assessed with various bioassays, more information is needed about the biochemical responses, which may help to elucidate the mechanisms involved in metal toxicity. We previously reported that the earthworm, Eisenia fetida, accumulates cadmium in its seminal vesicles. The bio-accumulative ability of(More)
One type of oxidative DNA damage, 8-hydroxyguanine (8-OH-Gua), is known to increase in rat kidney DNA after the administration of a renal carcinogen, ferric nitrilotriacetate (Fe-NTA). To determine the involvement of oxygen radicals in Fe-NTA carcinogenesis, we examined whether the 8-OH-Gua repair enzymes are induced in the rat kidney after Fe-NTA(More)
This study investigated activity of the embouchure-related orofacial muscles during pre- and postattack phases of sound production by 10 trained French-horn players. Surface electromyogram (EMG) from five selected facial muscles, and related facial skin kinematics were examined in relation to pitch and intensity of a tone produced. No difference in EMGs and(More)
BACKGROUND Genotypes of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and its surface receptors, TNFRSF1A and TNFRSF1B, have been examined in terms of the progression, metastasis, clinical efficacy, and prognosis of various cancers; however, little is known about their effects on clinical outcome in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). In this(More)
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