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PURPOSE Lutein deposits in the macula and lens of human eyes with high concentration and is well known as an eye-protective nutrient for its beneficial effects on eye disease such as age-related macular degeneration and cataract. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of lutein on endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU) in rats. METHODS(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of folate transport in the placenta. A study of folate was carried out to determine which carriers transport folates in the human choriocarcinoma cell line BeWo, a model cell line for the placenta. We investigated the effects of buffer pH and various compounds on folate uptake. In the first part of the(More)
Dietary polyphenols are thought to be beneficial for human health as antioxidants. Coffee beans contain a common polyphenol, chlorogenic acid. Chlorogenic acid is the ester of caffeic acid and quinic acid. Although these polyphenols have received much attention, there is little evidence indicating a relationship between the effect and the rate of(More)
In clinical, patients usually take many kinds of drugs at the same time. Thus, drug-drug interactions involving transporters can often directly affect the therapeutic safety and efficacy of many drugs. However, there have been few studies on food-drug interactions involving transporters. Dietary polyphenols have been widely assumed to be beneficial to human(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are essentially harmful for living organisms, including human beings. It is well known that ROS-induced damage of cellular components may lead to human diseases, such as inflammatory diseases, degenerative diseases, or cancer. In particular, oxidative DNA damage is premutagenic, and thus, the generation of DNA damage and the(More)
Effect of the modification of morphine and nalorphine by glucuronate and sulfate conjugations at the 3- and 6-positions on the binding to opioid receptors was examined in a particulate fraction of rat brain. Competing potencies of both drugs against [3H]morphine and [3H]leucine enkephalin bindings were extremely decreased by either glucuronate or sulfate(More)
BACKGROUND During the establishment of the maternal blood circulation around the implanting human embryo, maternal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) directly contact trophoblasts. To determine the physiological significance of this interaction, the effects of PBMC obtained from pregnant women on the proliferative and invasive properties of a human(More)
In order to improve 8-hydroxyguanine (8-OH-Gua) detection in DNA, we digested isolated DNA with nuclease P1 and analyzed for 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine 5'-monophosphate (8-OH-dGMP) using a high-performance liquid chromatography system equipped with an electrochemical detector (HPLC-ECD). The amount of 8-OH-Gua in the DNA was expressed as the ratio of 8-OH-dGMP(More)
In the present study, we examined the mechanisms underlying the cytotoxicity of pitavastatin, a new statin, and we compared the in vitro potencies of muscle cytotoxicity using a prototypic embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma cell line (RD cells), a typical side effect of statins and compared the cholesterol-lowering effects of statins using Hep G2 hepatoma cells.(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the expression pattern of ABCG2 in the placenta from the mid stage to the end of gestation. rABCG2 expression was investigated in rats on the 14th gestation day (gd) and the 20th gd. Expression of the rABCG2 gene and expression of rABCG2 protein in the placenta were detected on gd 14 by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis(More)