Takeshi Hirano

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PURPOSE Lutein deposits in the macula and lens of human eyes with high concentration and is well known as an eye-protective nutrient for its beneficial effects on eye disease such as age-related macular degeneration and cataract. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of lutein on endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU) in rats. METHODS(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are essentially harmful for living organisms, including human beings. It is well known that ROS-induced damage of cellular components may lead to human diseases, such as inflammatory diseases, degenerative diseases, or cancer. In particular, oxidative DNA damage is premutagenic, and thus, the generation of DNA damage and the(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of folate transport in the placenta. A study of folate was carried out to determine which carriers transport folates in the human choriocarcinoma cell line BeWo, a model cell line for the placenta. We investigated the effects of buffer pH and various compounds on folate uptake. In the first part of the(More)
We investigated the mechanism of the transport of ribavirin (1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-trizole-3-carboxamide) into placental epithelial cells using human choriocarcinoma (BeWo) cells and Xenopus oocytes expressing human nucleoside transporters. In BeWo cells, when a relatively low concentration (123 nM) of ribavirin was used, both Na(+)-dependent uptake(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to investigate the excretion of irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11) and its metabolites into the gastrointestinal lumen via the biliary route after intravenous administration of lactone and carboxylate forms of CPT-11. METHODS Biliary excretions of CPT-11 and its metabolites, SN-38 and SN-38-glucuronide, were investigated(More)
Adenocarcinomas arising from adenomyosis uteri are rare. This study reports four such cases and characterizes them clinically and microscopically. In all four patients, the endometrial cytology was negative, and MR imaging and ultrasound sonography did not detect the tumors preoperatively. The histological subtypes of the four tumors were endometrioid (one(More)
In clinical, patients usually take many kinds of drugs at the same time. Thus, drug-drug interactions involving transporters can often directly affect the therapeutic safety and efficacy of many drugs. However, there have been few studies on food-drug interactions involving transporters. Dietary polyphenols have been widely assumed to be beneficial to human(More)
Effect of the modification of morphine and nalorphine by glucuronate and sulfate conjugations at the 3- and 6-positions on the binding to opioid receptors was examined in a particulate fraction of rat brain. Competing potencies of both drugs against [3H]morphine and [3H]leucine enkephalin bindings were extremely decreased by either glucuronate or sulfate(More)
8-Hydroxyguanine (8-OH-Gua) is one of the major modified bases in DNA produced by oxidative damage. Human lung carcinoma cells (A549) were treated with 0.5-2mM sodium arsenite for 4h. By an immunohistochemical type procedure, 8-OH-Gua was clearly detected in A549 cells using a fluorescence microscope and an increase in the percentage of A549 cells with(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate the bicarbonate-induced improvement of statins, cerivastatin, simvastatin acid and lovastatin acid -induced apoptosis using rat myoblast cell line (L6) as a model of in vitro skeletal muscle and of cerivastatin-induced muscle damage in vivo study. METHODS Statin-induced reduction of cell viability and(More)