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PURPOSE Lutein deposits in the macula and lens of human eyes with high concentration and is well known as an eye-protective nutrient for its beneficial effects on eye disease such as age-related macular degeneration and cataract. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of lutein on endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU) in rats. METHODS(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of folate transport in the placenta. A study of folate was carried out to determine which carriers transport folates in the human choriocarcinoma cell line BeWo, a model cell line for the placenta. We investigated the effects of buffer pH and various compounds on folate uptake. In the first part of the(More)
Dietary polyphenols are thought to be beneficial for human health as antioxidants. Coffee beans contain a common polyphenol, chlorogenic acid. Chlorogenic acid is the ester of caffeic acid and quinic acid. Although these polyphenols have received much attention, there is little evidence indicating a relationship between the effect and the rate of(More)
In clinical, patients usually take many kinds of drugs at the same time. Thus, drug-drug interactions involving transporters can often directly affect the therapeutic safety and efficacy of many drugs. However, there have been few studies on food-drug interactions involving transporters. Dietary polyphenols have been widely assumed to be beneficial to human(More)
Effect of the modification of morphine and nalorphine by glucuronate and sulfate conjugations at the 3- and 6-positions on the binding to opioid receptors was examined in a particulate fraction of rat brain. Competing potencies of both drugs against [3H]morphine and [3H]leucine enkephalin bindings were extremely decreased by either glucuronate or sulfate(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are essentially harmful for living organisms, including human beings. It is well known that ROS-induced damage of cellular components may lead to human diseases, such as inflammatory diseases, degenerative diseases, or cancer. In particular, oxidative DNA damage is premutagenic, and thus, the generation of DNA damage and the(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to investigate the excretion of irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11) and its metabolites into the gastrointestinal lumen via the biliary route after intravenous administration of lactone and carboxylate forms of CPT-11. METHODS Biliary excretions of CPT-11 and its metabolites, SN-38 and SN-38-glucuronide, were investigated(More)
We investigated the mechanism of the transport of ribavirin (1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-1,2,4-trizole-3-carboxamide) into placental epithelial cells using human choriocarcinoma (BeWo) cells and Xenopus oocytes expressing human nucleoside transporters. In BeWo cells, when a relatively low concentration (123 nM) of ribavirin was used, both Na(+)-dependent uptake(More)
BACKGROUND During the establishment of the maternal blood circulation around the implanting human embryo, maternal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) directly contact trophoblasts. To determine the physiological significance of this interaction, the effects of PBMC obtained from pregnant women on the proliferative and invasive properties of a human(More)
In order to improve 8-hydroxyguanine (8-OH-Gua) detection in DNA, we digested isolated DNA with nuclease P1 and analyzed for 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine 5'-monophosphate (8-OH-dGMP) using a high-performance liquid chromatography system equipped with an electrochemical detector (HPLC-ECD). The amount of 8-OH-Gua in the DNA was expressed as the ratio of 8-OH-dGMP(More)