Takeshi Hiramoto

Noboru Hiroi6
Go Suzuki6
Yasushi Satoh4
Gina Kang4
6Noboru Hiroi
6Go Suzuki
4Yasushi Satoh
4Gina Kang
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Signaling through extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) is important in multiple signal transduction networks in the CNS. However, the specific role of ERK2 in in vivo brain functions is not fully understood. Here we show that ERK2 play a critical role in regulating social behaviors as well as cognitive and emotional behaviors in mice. To study the(More)
Social behavior dysfunction is a symptomatic element of schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Although altered activities in numerous brain regions are associated with defective social cognition and perception, the causative relationship between these altered activities and social cognition and perception-and their genetic underpinnings-are not(More)
Deletion or duplication of the human chromosome 22q11.2 is associated with many behavioral traits and neuropsychiatric disorders, including autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia. However, why phenotypes vary widely among individuals with identical deletions or duplications of 22q11.2 and which specific 22q11.2 genes contribute to these phenotypes are(More)
Although twin studies indicate clear genetic bases of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the precise mechanisms through which genetic variations causally result in ASD are poorly understood. Individuals with 3 Mb and nested 1.5 Mb hemizygosity of the chromosome 22q11.2 represent genetically identifiable cases of ASD. However, because more than 30 genes are(More)
AIM Inescapable shocks (IS) have been reported to reduce the number of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU)-positive cells in hippocampus. Antidepressants prevent this reduction, and the role of neurogenesis in depression is now suggested. It has been reported, however, that the number of BrdU-positive cells was not different between the rats that developed(More)
We initially examined the effects of apomorphine in vitro using mouse embryonic and adult neural progenitor cells. The effects of apomorphine treatment led to dose-dependent increases in the number of embryonic and adult neural progenitor cells, and dopamine D2 receptor antagonist treatment significantly reduced the increases induced by apomorphine. Next,(More)
The radial migration is an important process in the development of the cerebral cortex. Earlier studies have reported that classical neurotransmitters such as L-dopamine and L-adrenaline regulate the proliferation of neural progenitor cells. We examined whether L-dopamine and L-adrenaline regulate cell migration, using embryonic neural progenitor cells from(More)
GPR56, a member of the G-protein-coupled receptor family, plays a role in the formation of the frontal and parietal brain lobes and cortical lamination in the embryonic stage. A recent report indicated the existence of GPR56 transcripts in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and hippocampal subgranular zone (SGZ) of the adult mouse brain. Both these regions are(More)
Septins are a family of GTP binding proteins that are well conserved in eukaryotic species except plants. Septins contribute to the lateral compartmentalization of membranes, cortical rigidity, and the regulation of membrane trafficking by associating with membrane lipids, actin, and microtubules. The organ of Corti in the cochlea has pivotal roles in(More)
Copy number variation (CNV) of human chromosome 22q11.2 is associated with an elevated rate of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and represents one of syndromic ASDs with rare genetic variants. However, the precise genetic basis of this association remains unclear due to its relatively large hemizygous and duplication region, including more than 30 genes.(More)