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BACKGROUND The long-term outcome after resection of hepatocellular carcinoma is influenced by factors related to the tumor and the underlying liver disease. The prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma is worse in hepatitis C virus antibody-positive patients than in hepatitis B surface antigen-positive patients. In patients with hepatitis C virus infection and(More)
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) 1 has protective effects in liver failure. However, the effect of IGF-1 on inflammatory mediators such as proinflammatory cytokines and NO remains to be clarified. We hypothesized that IGF-1 inhibited the induction of these cytokines and iNOS, resulting in beneficial effect in the liver. Rats were treated with(More)
Recent evidence indicates that inhibition of the Na+/H+ exchanger improves heart and brain injuries induced by I/R. Studies were performed to investigate whether FR183998, a Na/H exchanger inhibitor, has protective effects on hepatic I/R injury in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 70% hepatic ischemia by occluding the hepatic artery, portal(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Selective inhibition of Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) improves organ dysfunctions including heart ischemia-reperfusion injury. In vivo and in vitro studies were designed to investigate whether NHE inhibitor has a protective effect in lethal acute liver failure, and if so, what are the mechanisms involved. METHODS NHE inhibitor (FR183998) was(More)
BACKGROUND Recent evidence indicates that CXC chemokines such as human interleukine-8 (IL-8) and rat cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant (CINC) have mitogenic and anti-apoptotic functions in addition to their chemotactic activity toward neutrophils. In the liver, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is implicated as a mitogen in the regeneration of liver.(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Cirrhotic liver has less ability to regenerate than normal liver, but it can produce the precursor of hepatocyte growth factor (proHGF) similarly to normal liver after resection. Studies were performed to examine whether the exogenous administration of recombinant human (rh) HGF-activator converts proHGF to biologically active (mature) HGF,(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS It has been reported that liver dysfunction with ischemia-reperfusion is improved through selective inhibition of neutrophil elastase (NE) by NE inhibitor. This study was designed to investigate whether NE inhibitor has protective effect in lethal acute liver failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS Rats were treated with D-galactosamine plus(More)
  • Masanori Yamada, Masaki Kaibori, +7 authors A-Hon Kwon
  • 2011
α-Lipoic acid (α-LA) has been reported to reduce ischemia–reperfusion injury (IRI). Proinflammatory cytokines stimulate the induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene expression, leading to excess production of NO and resulting in liver injury including IRI. We hypothesized that inhibition of iNOS induction underlies the protective effects of(More)
We report a case of gallbladder cancer and right breast cancer associated with pancreaticobiliary maljunction.The patient was a 74-year-old woman who presented with abdominal pain due to cholecystitis.Abdominal CT detected a gallbladder tumor and right breast tumor.Enhanced CT and MRCP examination revealed gallbladder cancer and right breast cancer(More)
We report a case of adenosquamous carcinoma of the colon. A 70-year-old woman underwent a colonoscopic examination because of a positive fecal occult blood test. Colonoscopy demonstrated a type 2 tumor of the ascending colon, and a biopsy specimen showed poorly-moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma. We performed a right hemicolectomy with D2(More)