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Centromeres contain specialized chromatin that includes the centromere-specific histone H3 variant, spCENP-A/Cnp1. Here we report identification of five fission yeast centromere proteins, Mis14-18. Mis14 is recruited to kinetochores independently of CENP-A, and, conversely, CENP-A does not require Mis14 to associate with centromeres. In contrast, Mis15,(More)
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a major food-borne infectious pathogen that causes diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis, and hemolytic uremic syndrome. Here we report the complete chromosome sequence of an O157:H7 strain isolated from the Sakai outbreak, and the results of genomic comparison with a benign laboratory strain, K-12 MG1655. The chromosome is 5.5 Mb in(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in macaque monkeys is emerging as a potent candidate to bridge the gap between data from human fMRI studies and data from anatomy, electrophysiology and lesion studies in monkeys. The primary (SI) and secondary (SII) somatosensory cortices are the principal regions for somatosensory information processing and(More)
Ghrelin, an endogenous ligand for growth hormone secretagogue (GHS) receptor originally isolated from the stomach, occurs in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus and may play a role in energy homeostasis. Synthetic GHSs have activated the hypothalamic arcuate neurons containing neuropeptide Y (NPY), suggesting the involvement of NPY in some of ghrelin actions.(More)
Single photon emission computed tomography was used to evaluate regional cerebral blood flow changes during gait on a treadmill in 10 patients with Parkinson's disease and 10 age-matched controls. The subjects were injected with [99mTc]hexamethyl-propyleneamine oxime twice: while walking on the treadmill, which moved at a steady speed, and while lying on a(More)
To investigate the neural mechanisms involved in shifting attention we used positron emission tomography to examine regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) during a task that demands shifting attention between color and shape. Significant activation was observed in the right dorsal prefrontal cortex and parieto-occipital cortex at all frequencies of attention(More)
Another language for expressing " knowing that " is given together with axioms and rules of inference and a Kripke type semantics. The formalism is extended to time-dependent knowledge. Completeness and decidability theorems are given. The problem of the wise men with spots on their foreheads and the problem of the unfaithful wives are expressed in the(More)
Fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. conglutinans is one of the most important diseases of Brassica crops, resulting in severe reductions in yield and quality. To characterize the inheritance pattern of fusarium resistance, a cross between a susceptible broccoli and a resistant cabbage was subjected to segregation analysis. Results indicated(More)
Increased gap junctional intercellular communication induced by agents that stimulate the adenylyl cyclase/cAMP pathway was observed in the GnRH-secreting neuronal cell line, GT1-7, and possible underlying mechanisms were examined. A 24-hour treatment of GT1-7 neurons with 100 microM dibutyryl cAMP + 100 microM IBMX or with 2 microM forskolin increased by(More)
Knowledge or experiences are voluntarily recalled from memory by reactivation of their neural representations in the association cortex. Mnemonic representations of visual objects, located in the ventral processing stream of visual perception, provide the best indication of how neuronal codes are created, organized and reactivated. Associative codes are(More)