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BACKGROUND In preimplantation mouse embryos, the first cell fate specification to the trophectoderm or inner cell mass occurs by the early blastocyst stage. The cell fate is controlled by cell position-dependent Hippo signaling, although the mechanisms underlying position-dependent Hippo signaling are unknown. RESULTS We show that a combination of cell(More)
Cytokines manifest their function through alteration of gene expression. However, target genes for signals from cytokine receptors are largely unknown. We therefore searched for immediate-early cytokine-responsive genes and isolated a novel gene, CIS (cytokine inducible SH2-containing protein) which is induced in hematopoietic cells by a subset of cytokines(More)
OBJECTIVE Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a multisystem autoimmune disorder characterized by multiorgan pathology and autoantibodies against a variety of autoantigens. The CD28 and CTLA-4 genes might be candidate genes for SLE, because costimulation signals from CD80/CD86 to CD28/CTLA-4 have been suggested to play an important role in the activation(More)
The purpose of this study is to develop a technique for computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems to detect lung nodules in helical X-ray pulmonary computed tomography CT) images. We propose a novel template-matching technique based on a genetic algorithm (GA) template matching (GATM) for detecting nodules existing within the lung area; the GA was used to(More)
UNLABELLED Prostate cancer is difficult to visualize using current techniques. Recently, 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy has revealed that the tumor, in general, is characterized by an increased uptake of choline into the cell to meet increased synthesis of phosphatidylcholine, an important cell membrane phospholipid. We succeeded in using 11C-choline(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether liver function correlating with indocyanine green (ICG) clearance could be estimated quantitatively from gadoxetate disodium-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board, and the requirement for informed consent was waived. Twenty-three(More)
IL-6/STAT-3 signals play key roles in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It is known that Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota (LcS) improves inflammatory disorders. This study aimed to elucidate the effect of LcS on murine chronic IBD and to clarify the mechanism. We focused the inhibitory effect of LcS on the production of IL-6 in lipopolysaccharide(More)
Numerous publications and commercial systems are available that deal with automatic detection of pulmonary nodules in thoracic computed tomography scans, but a comparative study where many systems are applied to the same data set has not yet been performed. This paper introduces ANODE09 ( http://anode09.isi.uu.nl), a database of 55 scans from a lung cancer(More)
We identified a human homolog of Drosophila warts tumor suppressor gene, termed h-warts, which was mapped at chromosome 6q24-25.1. The h-warts protein has a serine/threonine kinase domain and is localized to centrosomes in interphase cells. However, it becomes localized to the mitotic apparatus, including spindle pole bodies, mitotic spindle, and midbody,(More)
The K2K experiment observes indications of neutrino oscillation: a reduction of nu(mu) flux together with a distortion of the energy spectrum. Fifty-six beam neutrino events are observed in Super-Kamiokande (SK), 250 km from the neutrino production point, with an expectation of 80.1(+6.2)(-5.4). Twenty-nine one ring mu-like events are used to reconstruct(More)