Takeshi Funakoshi

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The mechanism of cytoskeletal protein transport, especially the question of what kind of form the cytoskeletal proteins assume during transport in neurons in situ, has been an important, as yet unsettled issue. To clear up this matter, we adopted the embryonic zebrafish as a living animal model and applied the fluorescence recovery after photobleaching(More)
The nerve axon is a good model system for studying the molecular mechanism of organelle transport in cells. Recently, the new kinesin superfamily proteins (KIFs) have been identified as candidate motor proteins involved in organelle transport. Among them KIF1A, a murine homologue of unc-104 gene of Caenorhabditis elegans, is a unique monomeric neuron-(More)
In mature neurons, tau is abundant in axons, whereas microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) and MAP2C are specifically localized in dendrites. Known mechanisms involved in the compartmentalization of these cytoskeletal proteins include the differential localization of mRNA (MAP2 mRNA in dendrites, MAP2C mRNA in cell body, and Tau mRNA in proximal axon(More)
Sepsis/endotoxemia is elicited by the circulatory distribution of pathogens/endotoxins into whole bodies, and causes profound effects on human health by causing inflammation in multiple organs. Mitochondrial damage is one of the characteristics of the cellular degeneration observed during sepsis/endotoxemia. Elimination of damaged mitochondria through the(More)
Recently, GPR30 was reported to be a novel estrogen receptor; however, its intracellular localization has remained controversial. To investigate the intracellular localization of GPR30 in vivo, we produced four kinds of polyclonal antibodies for distinct epitopes on GPR30. Immunocytochemical observations using anti-GPR30 antibody and anti-FLAG antibody show(More)
In order to determine the amino-terminal sequence requirements for protein N-myristoylation, site-directed mutagenesis of the N-terminal region was performed using tumor necrosis factor (TNF) mutants as model substrate proteins. Subsequently, the susceptibility of these mutants to protein N-myristoylation was evaluated by metabolic labeling in an in vitro(More)
Neurofilaments (NFs) are composed of triplet proteins, NF-H, NF-M, and NF-L. To understand the dynamics of NFs in vivo, we studied the dynamics of NF-H and compared them to those of NF-L, using the combination of microinjection technique and fluorescence recovery after photobleaching. In the case of NF-L protein, the bleached zone gradually restored its(More)
In order to examine whether kojic acid (KA) exerts a promoting effect on thyroid carcinogenesis, male F344 rats were initiated with N-bis(2-hydroxypropyl)nitrosamine (BHP; 2800 mg/kg body wt, single s.c. injection) and, starting 1 week later, received pulverized basal diet containing 2 or 0% KA for 12 weeks. Untreated control rats were given basal diet for(More)
To determine whether tubulin molecules transported in axons are polymers or oligomers, we carried out electron microscopic analysis of the movement of the tubulin molecules after photoactivation. Although previous optical microscopic analyses after photobleaching or photoactivation had suggested that most of the axonal microtubules were stationary, they(More)
Repeated hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) exposure prior to ischemia has been reported to provide neuroprotection against ischemic brain injury. The present study examined the time course of neuroprotection of HBO (3.5 atmosphere absolute, 100% oxygen, 1 h for 5 consecutive days) and the changes of gene/protein expression in rats. First, at 6 h, 12 h, 24 h, and 72 h(More)