Takeshi Asoh

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Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) are at increased risk for falls and hip fractures. To better understand causes and prevention, we measured bone mineral density (BMD) in the second metacarpals of 46 ambulatory elderly women with AD and analyzed its relation to serum biochemical indices, sunlight exposure, and vitamin D intake. BMD was significantly(More)
Significant decreases in bone mineral density (BMD) occur on the hemiplegic side in chronic stroke patients, which correlate with the degree of paralysis and hypovitaminosis D. In this double-blind, randomized, and prospective study of 98 patients with hemiplegia involving both an upper and lower extremity (55 males and 53 females; mean age, 71.4 +/- 0.6(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Significant bone mineral density (BMD) reduction occurs in stroke patients on the hemiplegic side compared with the intact side. To elucidate the pathogenesis of hip fractures in this population, we measured serum markers of bone metabolism and BMD in the stroke patients within 1 year (early group) and between 1 and 2 years after(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that hip fractures in stroke patients occurred almost exclusively on the hemiplegic side. We examined the bone changes in the second metacarpal of the hemiplegic side in terms of microdensitometric indices in 93 stroke patients with hemiplegia. All six indices indicated a significant decrease in bone mass on the hemiplegic(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the influence of immobilization upon vitamin D status and bone mass in chronically hospitalized, disabled, elderly patients following stroke. DESIGN cross-sectional study. SETTING Department of geriatric neurology in a Japanese hospital. SUBJECTS 129 chronically hospitalized, disabled, elderly stroke patients and 28 age-matched(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Risk of hip fracture after stroke is 2 to 4 times that in a reference population. Osteomalacia is present in some patients with hip fractures in the absence of stroke, while disabled elderly stroke patients occasionally have severe deficiency in serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) (</=5 ng/mL). To determine the(More)
Among atypical lymphocytes (AL) examined morphologically and immunohistochemically in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of adult patients with encephalitis, we distinguished a CD4+ 'type I' AL, with a multilobulated nucleus resembling those of the abnormal cells in adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), from a CD8+ 'type II' AL, a large lymphocyte with basophilic(More)
Peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase (PAM) plays a key role in the biosynthesis of many biologically active neuronal and endocrine peptides that possess alpha-amide function at their C-terminus. Using D-Tyr-Val-Gly as the substrate, we measured PAM activity levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum of patients with a variety of neurological(More)
Little is known about bone and calcium metabolism and fracture incidence in spinocerebellar degeneration (SCD) despite frequent falls and immobilization. To address bone and calcium metabolism and fracture incidence in SCD, we conducted a 10-year prospective study in a cohort of adult patients with SCD. Bone mineral density (BMD) and serum levels of ionized(More)
BACKGROUND Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a dangerous complication in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). AIMS To evaluate the efficacy of methylprednisolone pulse therapy compared to placebo in PD patients with NMS. METHODS In a double blind, placebo controlled study, 20 PD patients with NMS received steroid pulse therapy for three days,(More)