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We present a patient with early-onset Pick's disease in which selective nigral degeneration, KP1 expression of ghost Pick bodies and amyloid P-positive astrocytes were found. We also review the literature on early-onset Pick's disease. A 34-year-old man showed personality change including stereotypical behavior. Muscle rigidity and spasticity developed(More)
A 36-year-old Japanese woman presented with progressive cerebellar signs and mental deterioration of subacute course after her return from the USA. Her serum antibody to spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi was significantly elevated. A necropsy 4 years after her initial neurological signs revealed multifocal inflammatory change in the cerebral cortex, thalamus,(More)
Critical illness polyneuropathy (CIP) is a sensorimotor polyneuropathy recognized in adult intensive care patients with sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction and only a few cases have been reported in children. Here we report a 13-year-old Japanese boy with CIP that developed during the course of encephalopathy. Two months after the onset of encephalopathy,(More)
The glutamate hypothesis of schizophrenia suggests that hypofunction of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors may be critical for schizophrenic symptoms; therefore, pharmacological approaches that enhance NMDA function may be beneficial for the treatment of schizophrenia. Several lines of evidence indicate that NMDA and metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) 5(More)
A case of a 63-year-old woman with subfrontal schwannoma of the left side is presented. The patient had a two-month history of recent memory disturbance and unstable gait. Computed tomography represented an isodense mass lesion with large and small cystic components in the anterior cranial fossa, enhancing homogeneously after intravenous injection of(More)
The aim of the present study was to clarify the role of the metabotropic glutamate 5 (mGlu5) receptor subtype in the development of rewarding effect induced by a prototypical mu-opioid receptor agonist morphine in the mouse. In the conditioned place preference paradigm, intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of a selective mGlu5 receptor(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral amyloid angiopathy is a well-known disease that is predominantly recognized in elderly people and repeatedly causes large subcortical hemorrhages. These hemorrhages may be derived from vessel wall weakness because of Abeta depositions in the wall of the cortical and leptomeningeal arteries. Although vessel ruptures in CAA have been(More)
A 76-year-old woman with olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA) presented with progressive intellectual deterioration. She showed cerebellar ataxia and muscle atrophy and weakness, and gradually developed generalized dementia with visuospatial disturbance. An autopsy revealed numerous senile plaques (SPs), neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) and neuropil threads(More)
Since the hypofunction of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor is known to be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia, the enhancement of NMDA receptor function through glycine modulatory sites is expected to be a useful approach for the treatment of schizophrenia. We investigated the efficacy of a glycine transporter 1 (GlyT1) inhibitor that(More)
The hydrogen ion is an important factor in the alteration of vascular tone in pulmonary circulation. Endothelial cells modulate vascular tone by producing vasoactive substances such as prostacyclin (PGI2) through a process depending on intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i). We studied the influence of CO2-related pH changes on [Ca2+]i and PGI2(More)