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We have cloned a novel tyrosinase-encoding gene (melB) specifically expressed in solid-state culture of Aspergillus oryzae. A tyrosinase-encoding gene (melO) from A. oryzae was already cloned and the protein structures of its catalytic and copper binding domains were investigated. However, our recent results revealed that the melO gene was highly expressed(More)
In solid-state cultures (SC), Aspergillus oryzae shows characteristics such as high-level production and secretion of enzymes and hyphal differentiation with asexual development which are absent in liquid (submerged) culture (LC). It was predicted that many of the genes involved in the characteristics of A. oryzae in SC are differentially expressed between(More)
The term 'sake yeast' is generally used to indicate the Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains that possess characteristics distinct from others including the laboratory strain S288C and are well suited for sake brewery. Here, we report the draft whole-genome shotgun sequence of a commonly used diploid sake yeast strain, Kyokai no. 7 (K7). The assembled sequence(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the marginal and internal fit of all-ceramic crowns fabricated using the Decsy CAD/CAM system. A master die of maxillary first premolar was measured, and experimental crowns were fabricated. Four conditions were established by combining two convergence angles (4 degrees and 12 degrees) of the abutment with two(More)
We performed random sequencing of cDNAs from nine biologically or industrially important cultures of the industrially valuable fungus Aspergillus oryzae to obtain expressed sequence tags (ESTs). Consequently, 21 446 raw ESTs were accumulated and subsequently assembled to 7589 non-redundant consensus sequences (contigs). Among all contigs, 5491 (72.4%) were(More)
Aspergillus oryzae is a fungus used extensively in the fermentation industry. We constructed cDNA microarrays comprising 2,070 highly expressed cDNAs selected from the ∼6,000 non-redundant expressed sequence tags (ESTs) in the A. oryzae EST database ( http://www.aist.go.jp/RIODB/ffdb/index.html ). Using the cDNA microarrays, we analyzed the gene expression(More)
1,2-alpha-Mannosidase catalyzes the specific cleavage of 1,2-alpha-mannose residues from protein-linked N-glycan. In this study, a novel DNA sequence homologous to the authentic 1,2-alpha-mannosidase was cloned from a cDNA library prepared from solid-state cultured Aspergillus oryzae. The fmanIB cDNA consisted of 1530 nucleotides and encoded a protein of(More)
Sake yeast cells have defective entry into the quiescent state, allowing them to sustain high fermentation rates. To reveal the underlying mechanism, we investigated the PAS kinase Rim15p, which orchestrates initiation of the quiescence program in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We found that Rim15p is truncated at the carboxyl terminus in modern sake yeast(More)
Environmental stimuli elicit a stress response, which helps to maintain cell survival. In budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, environmental cues can activate calcineurin, a highly conserved Ca2+-- and calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase. Calcineurin dephosphorylates the transcription factor Crz1, leading to accumulation of Crz1 in the nuclei and(More)
The sake yeast strain Kyokai no. 11 (K11) is an ethanol-tolerant mutant of strain Kyokai no. 7 (K7), which shows higher viability in an ethanol solution than strain K7. To clarify the mechanism underlying the ethanol tolerance of this strain, the gene expression profiles of K7 and K11 were analyzed using DNA microarrays. The results indicate that many genes(More)