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OBJECTIVE To describe diagnostic findings, complications, and long-term outcome of dogs with atlantoaxial instability (AAI) that had modified ventral stabilization with positively threaded profile pins and polymethylmethacrylate by 1 surgeon and to evaluate the potential prognostic indicators. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS Dogs (n =(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe diagnostic findings, surgical technique, and outcome in dogs with thoracic spinal canal stenosis and vertebral instability secondary to congenital vertebral anomalies. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective clinical study. ANIMALS Dogs (n=9) with thoracic spinal canal stenosis. METHODS Medical records (1995-1996; 2000-2006) of 9 dogs with a(More)
Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration greatly affects quality of life. The nucleus pulposus (NP) of chondrodystrophic dog breeds (CDBs) is similar to the human NP, because the cells disappear with age and are replaced by fibrochondrocyte-like cells. However, because IVD develops as early as within the first year of life, we used canines as a model to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the proportion of dogs with thoracolumbar intervertebral disk herniation (IVDH) that successfully recovered following hemilaminectomy and fenestration, the time to ambulation (TTA) in affected dogs after surgery, and the frequency of urinary and fecal incontinence in recovered dogs and to document long-term complications. DESIGN(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the clinical signs, diagnostic and surgical findings, and outcome of dogs with idiopathic sterile pyogranulomatous inflammation (ISP) of epidural fat causing spinal cord compression. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective study. ANIMALS Dogs (n=5). METHODS Dogs with epidural ISP (2002-2006) were identified retrospectively. Inclusion(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare data for French Bulldogs and Dachshunds that had hemilaminectomy for thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion (T-L IVDE) by 1 surgeon and to evaluate the association between IVDE and congenital vertebral anomalies. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS French Bulldogs (n = 47) and 671 Dachshunds. METHODS Age, gender,(More)
Intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) greatly affects the quality of life. The nucleus pulposus (NP) of chondrodystrophic dog breeds (CDBs) is similar to the human NP because the cells disappear with age and are replaced by fibrochondrocyte-like cells. Because IVDD develops as early as within the first year of life, we used canines as a model to(More)
— This paper presents a simple data rate choosing method for multi data rate communication systems. This method is based on Viterbi decoding and aims to utilize relative likelihood between selected and unselected paths in the decoding. We confirmed the validity of our proposed method with computer simulations. The physical layer specifications are following(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence and location of recurrent thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion (T-L IVDE) after hemilaminectomy with prophylactic fenestration (PF) and to document PF-related complications. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective case series. SAMPLE POPULATION Chondrodystrophic dogs (n = 793). METHODS In 662 successfully recovered(More)
A 12-year-old Chihuahua dog was presented for cervical pain and progressive tetraparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed spinal cord compression due to a mass in the dorsal atlantoaxial region. Surgical treatment was performed. The mass was histopathologically diagnosed as a squamous cell carcinoma. The dog recovered to normal neurologic status after(More)