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Astrocyte-neuron lactate shuttle (ANLS) is a pathway that supplies glycogen-derived lactate to active neurons via monocarboxylate transporter 2 (MCT2), and is important for maintaining brain functions. Our study revealed alterations of ANLS with hippocampal hyper-glycogen levels and downregulated MCT2 protein levels underlying hippocampal dysfunctions as a(More)
We compared the combined spinal and thoracic epidural analgesia with 2% lidocaine for caesarean section, with spinal analgesia using 2% lidocaine, tetracaine or dibucaine, and also with lumbar epidural analgesia. The analgesia at high thoracic level could be achieved with combined spinal and epidural analgesia more easily than with others. The frequency of(More)
Experimental allergic myositis (EAM) was produced in SJL/J mice by inoculation with the myosin B fraction of the rabbit skeletal muscle, and the pathological changes were quantified. The myosin B fraction contains actin, myosin, tropomyosin and many other proteins, and has been known to induce severe EAM in guinea pigs. In the present model, macrophages and(More)
Neuromuscular blocking properties of tobramycin (Tobracin 60mg), dibekacin (Panmycin 100 mg) and ribostamycin (Vistamycin 1g) were studied in man during anesthesia and surgery by observing the effects of these antibiotics on muscle twitch tension. These antibiotics alone did not show any neuromuscular blocking action in the therapeutic doses. The(More)
Vascular disorders of the brainstem manifest characteristic neurologic symptoms according to their localization. The medial longitudinal fasciculus (MLF) lies in the paramedian portion of the upper brainstem tegmentum, and the lesion in this fasciculus shows specific abnormality of the eye movement pattern which is known as the MLF syndrome. Although the(More)
Three temporal bones were obtained en bloc from autopsy cases with lepromatous leprosy from the middle cranial fossa side after removing the brain. After fixation with 10% formalin followed by sufficient decalcification, the specimens were embedded in paraffin en bloc and cut serially to stain every 10th section with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) for(More)
The effect of amikacin on the neuromuscular junction was studied in man during anesthesia and surgery. Amikacin alone did not show any neuromuscular blocking action in normal man in therapeutic doses (100-200 mg). However, during recovery from either d-tubocurarine block or phase II block with succinylcholine, the intravenous administration of 200 mg of(More)
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