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The aim of this study was to confirm the effect of acute hyperglycemia on the superoxide anion radical (O(2)(-)) generation, using a novel electrochemical O(2)(-) sensor in forebrain ischemia/reperfusion rats. Fourteen male Wistar rats were allocated to a normoglycemia group (n= 7) and a hyperglycemia group (n=7). Hyperglycemia was induced by intravenous(More)
Bilateral ablation of the frontal cortex of rats markedly reduced the catalepsy induced by haloperidol (1 mg/kg i.p.). Similarly, the selective antagonist of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, D(-)-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (10 micrograms/side), injected bilaterally into the rostral part of the caudate-putamen (CP) reduced haloperidol-induced(More)
Previous studies have indicated that corticostriatal glutamatergic pathways are implicated in the regulation of neuroleptic catalepsy. To obtain a better understanding of the way in which dopamine (DA) and glutamate interact within the caudate-putamen (CP) in the development of catalepsy, we investigated the regional distribution within the rat CP of the(More)
We recently reported that excessive superoxide anion radical (O(2)(-)) was generated in the jugular vein during reperfusion in rats with forebrain ischemia/reperfusion using a novel electrochemical sensor and excessive O(2)(-) generation was associated with oxidative stress, early inflammation, and endothelial injury. However, the source of O(2)(-) was(More)
To investigate the direct effects of endogenous pyrogen (EP) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on the activity of neurons in the preoptic and anterior hypothalamic (PO-AH) region, single-unit activity was recorded from brain tissue slices prepared from the PO-AH region of guinea pigs. When EP was applied into the perfusate 18% of warm-responsive neurons decreased(More)
The involvement of the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) in thermoregulatory responses, which include heat production and heat loss responses, was investigated by the method of electrical stimulation. Electrical stimulation of the VMH caused a rise in rectal temperature, accompanied by the enhancement of heat production: O2 consumption and shivering. In(More)
For the treatment of intractable generalized epilepsies, two-staged total callosotomy was performed in five patients. In all patients, preceded anterior callosotomy failed to obtain satisfactory seizure control. All patients showed mental retardation with various degrees. Mean age at the first operation was 10.2 years and 4 patients were operated in their(More)
Immunohistochemistry for rat liver ferritin (FRT) revealed an intensive labeling in some structures of the rat brain. In the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) hypothalamic nuclei, almost all neurosecretory neurons with vasopressin (AVP)-like immunoreactivity were immunostained with FRT. After water deprivation, a marked enlargement of cell body and(More)
A case of secondary generalized epilepsy (47 years old, male) presenting the periodic synchronous discharges (PSD) consisted of sharp waves or sharp and slow waves, and recruiting rhythm (RR) for several years was shown. PSD, of which duration was 10-40 sec, was seen most prominently when he was awake and relaxed, although it was also found during both(More)