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The forced swim test (FST) and tail suspension test (TST) are widely used and well established screening paradigms for antidepressants. A variety of antidepressive agents are known to reduce immobility time in both FST and TST. To identify genetic determinants of immobility duration in both tests, we analyzed 560 F2 mice from an intercross between C57BL/6(More)
The roles of active oxygen, lipid peroxidation, and the antioxidative defence mechanism in gastric mucosal injury induced by treatment with indomethacin in rats were investigated. The total area of gastric erosions and concentration of lipid peroxides in the gastric mucosa increased with time after administration of indomethacin (20 mg/kg, orally). The(More)
Genome scans of bipolar disorder (BPD) have not produced consistent evidence for linkage. The rank-based genome scan meta-analysis (GSMA) method was applied to 18 BPD genome scan data sets in an effort to identify regions with significant support for linkage in the combined data. The two primary analyses considered available linkage data for "very narrow"(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported a reduction in serum levels of D-serine, an endogenous co-agonist of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, in schizophrenia, supporting the hypofunction hypothesis of NMDA neurotransmission in schizophrenia. In this study, we examined the genetic roles of serine racemase (SRR), an enzyme catalyzing the formation of(More)
Previous experimental studies have suggested that nasal instillation of diesel exhaust particles (DEP) can enhance nasal IgE response and cytokine production. However, there is no experimental evidence for the relation of DEP to allergic asthma. We investigated the effects of DEP inoculated intratracheally on antigen-induced airway inflammation, local(More)
The limited number of genome-wide transcriptome analyses using the postmortem brains of bipolar disorder sufferers has not produced a clear consensus on the molecular pathways affected by the disorder. To expand the knowledge in this area, we examined the expression levels of more than 12 000 genes in Brodmann's Area (BA), 46 (dorsolateral prefrontal(More)
Since the recognition that adults with velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS), which is associated with hemizygous interstitial deletions of chromosome 22q11, frequently show psychotic symptoms, deletion of the 22q11.2 region has been proposed as a common genetic abnormality associated with schizophrenia. In studies of schizophrenia patients, such deletions have(More)
Hypofunction of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor has been hypothesized to underlie the pathophysiology of schizophrenia, based on the observation that non-competitive antagonists of the NMDA receptor, such as phencyclidine, induce schizophrenia-like symptoms. Mice lacking the NR2A subunit of the NMDA receptor complex are known to display abnormal(More)
GABAergic interneurons are highly heterogeneous, and much is unknown about the specification and functional roles of their neural circuits. Here we show that a transinteraction of Elfn1 and mGluR7 controls targeted interneuron synapse development and that loss of Elfn1 results in hyperactivity and sensory-triggered epileptic seizures in mice. Elfn1 protein(More)
The neurobiological basis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) remains poorly understood. Given the role of CD38 in social recognition through oxytocin (OT) release, we hypothesized that CD38 may play a role in the etiology of ASD. Here, we first examined the immunohistochemical expression of CD38 in the hypothalamus of post-mortem brains of non-ASD subjects(More)