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Plants have evolved intricate mechanisms to respond and adapt to a wide variety of biotic and abiotic stresses in their environment. The Arabidopsis DEAR1 (DREB and EAR motif protein 1; At3g50260) gene encodes a protein containing significant homology to the DREB1/CBF (dehydration-responsive element binding protein 1/C-repeat binding factor) domain and the(More)
PURPOSE Short-term and midterm outcomes of surgery remain unclear in very elderly patients (≥85 y) with colorectal cancer. This study was designed to clarify the safety and therapeutic usefulness of surgery for colorectal cancer in this subgroup of patients. We compared postoperative short-term and midterm outcomes between laparoscopic surgery and open(More)
The balance between carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) availability is an important determinant for various phases of plant growth; however, the detailed mechanisms regulating the C/N response are not well understood. We previously described two related ubiquitin ligases, ATL31 and ATL6, that function in the C/N response in Arabidopsis thaliana. Here, we used FLAG(More)
Among complications after surgery for colorectal cancer, wound infections may prolong hospitalization and increase healthcare costs. This study was designed to clarify the incidence, risk factors, and pathogens responsible for wound infections after surgery for colorectal cancer. The study group comprised 144 patients (94 men and 50 women) with colorectal(More)
PURPOSE To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended dose (RD) of irinotecan combined with preoperative chemoradiotherapy with S-1 in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS We gave preoperative radiotherapy (total dose, 45 Gy) to 23 patients with locally advanced (T3/T4) rectal cancer. Concurrently, S-1 was(More)
OBJECTIVES The possible link between LEF and interstitial lung disease (ILD) has evoked increasing concern. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the prevalence and risk factors for newly developed and/or exacerbated ILD, based on post-marketing surveillance data, in which all RA patients receiving LEF were pre-registered and monitored for 24 weeks(More)
Phosphatase of regenerating liver (PRL)-3 was identified as a molecule associated with liver metastasis in colorectal cancer (CRC), although its precise causative role in distant metastasis remains elusive from a clinical point of view. The aim of this study was to promote the mechanistic insight of PRL-3 involvement in liver metastasis in CRC. One hundred(More)
Complex plant defenses that include the hypersensitive response (HR) are mediated by plant hormones, such as salicylic acid (SA), jasmonic acid (JA) and ethylene. We previously isolated the Arabidopsis DEAR1 (DREB AND EAR MOTIF PROTEIN 1) regulator and showed that its overexpression DEAR1 (DEAR1ox) resulted in a dwarf phenotype and lesion-like cell death,(More)
Nitrate modulates growth and development, functioning as a nutrient signal in plants. Although many changes in physiological processes in response to nitrate have been well characterized as nitrate responses, the molecular mechanisms underlying the nitrate response are not yet fully understood. Here, we show that NLP transcription factors, which are key(More)
Post-embryonic plant growth is dependent on a functional shoot apical meristem (SAM) that provides cells for continuous development of new aerial organs. However, how the SAM is dynamically maintained during vegetative development remains largely unclear. We report here the characterization of a new SAM maintenance mutant, sha1-1 (shoot apical meristem(More)