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The wiring patterns among various types of neurons via specific synaptic connections are the basis of functional logic employed by the brain for information processing. This study introduces a powerful method of analyzing the neuronal connectivity patterns by delivering a tracer selectively to specific types of neurons while simultaneously transsynaptically(More)
Detailed knowledge of neuronal connectivity patterns is indispensable for studies of various aspects of brain functions. We previously established a genetic strategy for visualization of multisynaptic neural pathways by expressing wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) transgene under the control of neuron type-specific promoter elements in transgenic mice and(More)
BACKGROUND In both schizophrenia and addiction, pathological changes in dopamine release appear to induce alterations in the circuitry of the nucleus accumbens that affect coordinated thought and motivation. Dopamine acts principally on medium-spiny GABA neurons, which comprise 95% of accumbens neurons and give rise to the majority of inhibitory synapses in(More)
OBJECTIVE Throughout the history of surgery for pectus excavatum (PE), the Nuss procedure and open repair have been performed with many modifications, with most of these procedures using a metal bar. However, the use of a metal bar has several drawbacks. Thus, we aimed to develop a procedure that did not require a metal bar. METHODS Through our experience(More)
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