Takeo Kosaka

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Angiotensin II (AII) is a potent vasoconstrictor peptide from the renin-angiotensin system in the kidney. The AII type 1 receptor (AT1R) is reportedly expressed in several tumors including renal cell carcinoma, and AII is involved in tumor angiogenesis. We p.o. administered the long-acting AT1R antagonist, candesartan (10 mg/kg), to the 16 days mouse renal(More)
PURPOSE There are few molecular markers known to predict upper urinary tract urothelial carcinomas (UTUC) prognosis. Snail, which contributes to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), has been documented in cancer progression, but not clear yet in UTUC. We therefore addressed the expression and biological significance of Snail in UTUC. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin II (AII) type 1 receptor (AT1R) antagonists are used widely as antihypertensive agents, and long-term AT1R blockade may have a protective effect against cancer. We previously demonstrated that specific AT1R blockade with candesartan, an AT1R antagonist, inhibited vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production and dramatically(More)
BACKGROUND The axillary reverse mapping (ARM) procedure is based on the hypothesis that the lymphatic drainage from the upper arm is different from that of the breast. However, the oncologic safety of the procedure has not yet been determined. METHODS The ARM nodes were identified using a fluorescence imaging system. Axillary lymph node dissection (ALND)(More)
The Snail family transcription factors have been proposed as important mediators of epithelial-mesenchymal transition because of their role in down-regulation of E-cadherin and up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The present study was undertaken to investigate the expression of Snail, Slug and their associations with cancer invasion and(More)
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and the activation of the AhR pathway are involved in xenobiotic-induced toxicity and carcinogenesis. Although xenobiotics, such as cigarette smoke, contribute to the development of urothelial carcinoma (UC), the relationship between AhR and UC is unclear. In the present study, we investigated AhR expression in 209 patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The roles and criteria for pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) are not fully evaluated in patients with low-risk prostate cancer who are treated by laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP). In this study, the outcome of PLND was assessed in terms of the biochemical relapse-free survival rates of low-risk prostate cancer patients who(More)
CONTEXT Aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) and steroid 11 beta-hydroxylase (CYP11B1) catalyze the terminal steps for aldosterone and cortisol syntheses, respectively, thereby determining the functional differentiation of human adrenocortical cells. Little is known, however, about how the cells expressing the enzymes are actually distributed in the adrenals(More)
To investigate the safety and efficacy of mirabegron for patients with overactive bladder (OAB) that is unresponsive to antimuscarinic agents or is related to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Fifty-two newly diagnosed OAB patients (M group) and 45 patients with OAB that was unresponsive to antimuscarinics (S group) received mirabegron 50 mg once daily(More)
Receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) and its receptor, receptor activator of NF-kappaB (RANK), play a key role in osteoclastogenesis, and osteoprotegerin (OPG) acts as a decoy receptor for RANKL. We investigated the role of the RANKL-RANK-OPG system in renal cell carcinomas (RCCs), which frequently metastasize to bones. Real-time quantitative PCR(More)