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PURPOSE To investigate the safety and efficacy of mirabegron for patients with overactive bladder (OAB) that is unresponsive to antimuscarinic agents or is related to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS Fifty-two newly diagnosed OAB patients (M group) and 45 patients with OAB that was unresponsive to antimuscarinics (S group) received mirabegron(More)
Angiotensin II (AII) is a potent vasoconstrictor peptide from the renin-angiotensin system in the kidney. The AII type 1 receptor (AT1R) is reportedly expressed in several tumors including renal cell carcinoma, and AII is involved in tumor angiogenesis. We p.o. administered the long-acting AT1R antagonist, candesartan (10 mg/kg), to the 16 days mouse renal(More)
Germ cells possess the unique ability to acquire totipotency during development in vivo as well as give rise to pluripotent stem cells under the appropriate conditions in vitro. Recent studies in which somatic cells were experimentally converted into pluripotent stem cells revealed that genes expressed in primordial germ cells (PGCs), such as Oct3/4, Sox2,(More)
PURPOSE Teneligliptin is a novel DPP-4 inhibitor in development for treating type 2 diabetes mellitus that does not require dose adjustment for diabetic patients with end-stage renal disease; however, it had not been known whether or not teneligliptin is safe or potent in dialysis patients. We conducted a prospective study to assess the utility of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Few studies have addressed the predictive value of positive urine cytology for prognosis in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). We investigated whether the status of preoperative urine cytology could provide additional prognostic information following radical nephroureterectomy (RNU). MATERIALS AND METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin II (AII) type 1 receptor (AT1R) antagonists are used widely as antihypertensive agents, and long-term AT1R blockade may have a protective effect against cancer. We previously demonstrated that specific AT1R blockade with candesartan, an AT1R antagonist, inhibited vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production and dramatically(More)
Currently, it is standard practice that patients with negative sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) do not undergo axillary lymph node dissection (ALND), whereas ALND is mandated in those with positive SLNs. However, the Z0011 trial showed that ALND could be safely omitted in selected patients with positive SLNs. This article presents a review and discussion of the(More)
BACKGROUND The axillary reverse mapping (ARM) procedure is based on the hypothesis that the lymphatic drainage from the upper arm is different from that of the breast. However, the oncologic safety of the procedure has not yet been determined. METHODS The ARM nodes were identified using a fluorescence imaging system. Axillary lymph node dissection (ALND)(More)
Several authors have investigated the antitumor activity of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) antagonists, which are widely used as antihypertensive drugs. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of the AT1R antagonist candesartan against bladder cancer. For the study in vitro, human bladder cancer cells (KU-19-19) were cultured with and without(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study is to identify factors that increase the occurrence of severe neutropenia (SN) and febrile neutropenia (FN) during docetaxel treatment for castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). METHODS We retrospectively reviewed 258 courses during the first three cycles among 95 patients. Docetaxel at a dose of 75 mg/m(2) was(More)