Takeo Funakoshi

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Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a cyclic peptide produced in the lateral hypothalamus. It has been implicated in a number of physiological processes including feeding behavior, energy balance, and the regulation of emotional states. Here, we report in vitro and in vivo profiles of ATC0065(More)
NRA0160, 5 - [2- ( 4- ( 3 - fluorobenzylidene) piperidin-1-yl) ethyl] - 4 -(4-fluorophenyl) thiazole-2-carboxamide, has a high affinity for human cloned dopamine D4.2, D4.4 and D4.7 receptors, with Ki values of 0.5, 0.9 and 2.7 nM, respectively. NRA0160 is over 20,000fold more potent at the dopamine D4.2 receptor compared with the human cloned dopamine D2L(More)
The melanocortin subtype 4 (MC4) receptor has been postulated to be involved in stress and stress-related behavior. We made use of melanocortin MC4 receptor agonists and antagonist to investigate the relationship between the melanocortin MC4 receptor and stress related disorders. The nonspecific melanocortin receptor agonist alpha-melanocyte stimulating(More)
We have previously reported that (R)-(+)-2-amino-4-(4-fluorophenyl)-5-[1-[4-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-oxobutyl]+ ++pyrrolidin-3-yl]thiazole (NRA0045) is a novel antipsychotic agent with affinities for dopamine D4, 5-hydroxytryptamine 2A (5-HT2A) and alpha1 receptors. In the present study, in vivo receptor occupancy of 5-HT2A, alpha1, dopamine D2 and D3 receptors(More)
Recent clinical trials of cancer gene therapy have shown encouraging results for controlling localized tumors. However, to control metastatic or disseminated tumor cells, further modification of vectors is required to enhance specificity and infectivity against targets. We investigated whether utilization of the Cre recombinase(Cre)/loxP system contributes(More)
Here, we investigated the binding characteristics of [3H]N-(2,5-dimethoxybenzyl)-N-(5-fluoro-2-phenoxyphenyl)acetamide ([3H]DAA1106), a potent and selective ligand for peripheral benzodiazepine receptors, in mitochondrial fractions of the rat brain. [3H]DAA1106 bound to the mitochondrial fraction of the rat brain in a saturable manner. The dissociation(More)
Neuropharmacological profiles of 5-(2-[4-(6-fluoro-1H-indole-3-yl) piperidine-1-yl] ethyl)-4-(4-fluorophenyl) thiazole-2-carboxylic acid amide (NRA0562) in rats were examined using electrophysiological and immunohistochemical methods. The firing rates of the substantia nigra pars compacta (A9) and the ventral tegmental area (A10) dopamine neurons were(More)
We investigated the effects of a novel melanocortin-4 (MC4) receptor antagonist,1-[(S)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-(4-isopropylpiperadin-1-yl)ethyl]-4-[4-(2-methoxynaphthalen-1-yl)butyl]piperazine (MCL0129) on anxiety and depression in various rodent models. MCL0129 inhibited [(125)I][Nle(4)-D-Phe(7)]-alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) binding to MC4(More)
Variations of B lymphocytes bearing surface immunoglobulin (SIg) M [SIg(M)] and G [SIg(G)] were studied in the spleen and peripheral blood of chickens infected with infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV). The proportion of SIg-bearing B lymphocytes and SIg(M)- and SIg(G)-bearing B cells in chickens infected at one day of age decreased from 1 week(More)
In vivo receptor labeling of the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor was investigated using ex vivo binding of [3H]-(2-chlorophenyl)-N-methyl-N-(1-methylpropyl)-3-isoquinoline-carb ox-amide ([3H]PK11195). In autoradiographic studies, high level specific binding of [3H]PK11195 was observed in the olfactory bulb. Intravenous administration of PK11195(More)