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In the present study, we examined the anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of MCL0042, a novel compound showing activity in both MC4 receptor antagonism and serotonin transporter inhibition. MCL0042 showed relatively high affinity for the MC4 receptor and serotonin reuptake site, as determined by receptor binding assays. MCL0042 attenuated(More)
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a cyclic peptide produced in the lateral hypothalamus. It has been implicated in a number of physiological processes including feeding behavior, energy balance, and the regulation of emotional states. Here, we report in vitro and in vivo profiles of ATC0065(More)
Here, we investigated the binding characteristics of [3H]N-(2,5-dimethoxybenzyl)-N-(5-fluoro-2-phenoxyphenyl)acetamide ([3H]DAA1106), a potent and selective ligand for peripheral benzodiazepine receptors, in mitochondrial fractions of the rat brain. [3H]DAA1106 bound to the mitochondrial fraction of the rat brain in a saturable manner. The dissociation(More)
The melanocortin subtype 4 (MC4) receptor has been postulated to be involved in stress and stress-related behavior. We made use of melanocortin MC4 receptor agonists and antagonist to investigate the relationship between the melanocortin MC4 receptor and stress related disorders. The nonspecific melanocortin receptor agonist alpha-melanocyte stimulating(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by loss of nigral dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons and presence of Lewy bodies, whose major component is alpha-synuclein. We had previously generated transgenic mice termed Syn130m that express truncated human alpha-synuclein (amino acid residues 1-130) in DAergic neurons. Syn130m mice showed significant loss of(More)
Recent clinical trials of gene therapy for patients with thoracic cancers have shown that these treatments were well tolerated with minimal side effects and that we need to further enhance specificity as well as efficiency of gene transfer to target cancer cells. We previously reported that myc-overexpressing SCLC cell lines became selectively sensitive to(More)
We investigated the effects of a novel melanocortin-4 (MC4) receptor antagonist,1-[(S)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-(4-isopropylpiperadin-1-yl)ethyl]-4-[4-(2-methoxynaphthalen-1-yl)butyl]piperazine (MCL0129) on anxiety and depression in various rodent models. MCL0129 inhibited [(125)I][Nle(4)-D-Phe(7)]-alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) binding to MC4(More)
A considerable number of studies of cancer have shown that the cell type-specific promoter is an effective tool for selective expression of foreign genes in tumor cells. However, few reports have demonstrated significant in vivo antitumor effects using this strategy thus far, possibly because the low activity of such a promoter results in insufficient(More)
We have previously reported that (R)-(+)-2-amino-4-(4-fluorophenyl)-5-[1-[4-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-oxobutyl]+ ++pyrrolidin-3-yl]thiazole (NRA0045) is a novel antipsychotic agent with affinities for dopamine D4, 5-hydroxytryptamine 2A (5-HT2A) and alpha1 receptors. In the present study, in vivo receptor occupancy of 5-HT2A, alpha1, dopamine D2 and D3 receptors(More)
NRA0160, 5 - [2- ( 4- ( 3 - fluorobenzylidene) piperidin-1-yl) ethyl] - 4 -(4-fluorophenyl) thiazole-2-carboxamide, has a high affinity for human cloned dopamine D4.2, D4.4 and D4.7 receptors, with Ki values of 0.5, 0.9 and 2.7 nM, respectively. NRA0160 is over 20,000fold more potent at the dopamine D4.2 receptor compared with the human cloned dopamine D2L(More)