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NRA0160, 5 - [2- ( 4- ( 3 - fluorobenzylidene) piperidin-1-yl) ethyl] - 4 -(4-fluorophenyl) thiazole-2-carboxamide, has a high affinity for human cloned dopamine D4.2, D4.4 and D4.7 receptors, with Ki values of 0.5, 0.9 and 2.7 nM, respectively. NRA0160 is over 20,000fold more potent at the dopamine D4.2 receptor compared with the human cloned dopamine D2L(More)
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a cyclic peptide produced in the lateral hypothalamus. It has been implicated in a number of physiological processes including feeding behavior, energy balance, and the regulation of emotional states. Here, we report in vitro and in vivo profiles of ATC0065(More)
We have previously reported that (R)-(+)-2-amino-4-(4-fluorophenyl)-5-[1-[4-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-oxobutyl]+ ++pyrrolidin-3-yl]thiazole (NRA0045) is a novel antipsychotic agent with affinities for dopamine D4, 5-hydroxytryptamine 2A (5-HT2A) and alpha1 receptors. In the present study, in vivo receptor occupancy of 5-HT2A, alpha1, dopamine D2 and D3 receptors(More)
Here, we investigated the binding characteristics of [3H]N-(2,5-dimethoxybenzyl)-N-(5-fluoro-2-phenoxyphenyl)acetamide ([3H]DAA1106), a potent and selective ligand for peripheral benzodiazepine receptors, in mitochondrial fractions of the rat brain. [3H]DAA1106 bound to the mitochondrial fraction of the rat brain in a saturable manner. The dissociation(More)
In the present study, we examined the anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of MCL0042, a novel compound showing activity in both MC4 receptor antagonism and serotonin transporter inhibition. MCL0042 showed relatively high affinity for the MC4 receptor and serotonin reuptake site, as determined by receptor binding assays. MCL0042 attenuated(More)
The melanocortin subtype 4 (MC4) receptor has been postulated to be involved in stress and stress-related behavior. We made use of melanocortin MC4 receptor agonists and antagonist to investigate the relationship between the melanocortin MC4 receptor and stress related disorders. The nonspecific melanocortin receptor agonist alpha-melanocyte stimulating(More)
We investigated the effects of a novel melanocortin-4 (MC4) receptor antagonist,1-[(S)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-(4-isopropylpiperadin-1-yl)ethyl]-4-[4-(2-methoxynaphthalen-1-yl)butyl]piperazine (MCL0129) on anxiety and depression in various rodent models. MCL0129 inhibited [(125)I][Nle(4)-D-Phe(7)]-alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) binding to MC4(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by loss of nigral dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons and presence of Lewy bodies, whose major component is alpha-synuclein. We had previously generated transgenic mice termed Syn130m that express truncated human alpha-synuclein (amino acid residues 1-130) in DAergic neurons. Syn130m mice showed significant loss of(More)
In vivo receptor labeling of the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor was investigated using ex vivo binding of [3H]-(2-chlorophenyl)-N-methyl-N-(1-methylpropyl)-3-isoquinoline-carb ox-amide ([3H]PK11195). In autoradiographic studies, high level specific binding of [3H]PK11195 was observed in the olfactory bulb. Intravenous administration of PK11195(More)
Recent clinical trials of cancer gene therapy have shown encouraging results for controlling localized tumors. However, to control metastatic or disseminated tumor cells, further modification of vectors is required to enhance specificity and infectivity against targets. We investigated whether utilization of the Cre recombinase(Cre)/loxP system contributes(More)