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Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a cyclic peptide produced in the lateral hypothalamus. It has been implicated in a number of physiological processes including feeding behavior, energy balance, and the regulation of emotional states. Here, we report in vitro and in vivo profiles of ATC0065(More)
In the present study, we examined the anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of MCL0042, a novel compound showing activity in both MC4 receptor antagonism and serotonin transporter inhibition. MCL0042 showed relatively high affinity for the MC4 receptor and serotonin reuptake site, as determined by receptor binding assays. MCL0042 attenuated(More)
The melanocortin subtype 4 (MC4) receptor has been postulated to be involved in stress and stress-related behavior. We made use of melanocortin MC4 receptor agonists and antagonist to investigate the relationship between the melanocortin MC4 receptor and stress related disorders. The nonspecific melanocortin receptor agonist alpha-melanocyte stimulating(More)
We investigated the effects of a novel melanocortin-4 (MC4) receptor antagonist,1-[(S)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-(4-isopropylpiperadin-1-yl)ethyl]-4-[4-(2-methoxynaphthalen-1-yl)butyl]piperazine (MCL0129) on anxiety and depression in various rodent models. MCL0129 inhibited [(125)I][Nle(4)-D-Phe(7)]-alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) binding to MC4(More)
We have previously reported that (R)-(+)-2-amino-4-(4-fluorophenyl)-5-[1-[4-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-oxobutyl]+ ++pyrrolidin-3-yl]thiazole (NRA0045) is a novel antipsychotic agent with affinities for dopamine D4, 5-hydroxytryptamine 2A (5-HT2A) and alpha1 receptors. In the present study, in vivo receptor occupancy of 5-HT2A, alpha1, dopamine D2 and D3 receptors(More)
Neuropharmacological profiles of 5-(2-[4-(6-fluoro-1H-indole-3-yl) piperidine-1-yl] ethyl)-4-(4-fluorophenyl) thiazole-2-carboxylic acid amide (NRA0562) in rats were examined using electrophysiological and immunohistochemical methods. The firing rates of the substantia nigra pars compacta (A9) and the ventral tegmental area (A10) dopamine neurons were(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by loss of nigral dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons and presence of Lewy bodies, whose major component is alpha-synuclein. We had previously generated transgenic mice termed Syn130m that express truncated human alpha-synuclein (amino acid residues 1-130) in DAergic neurons. Syn130m mice showed significant loss of(More)
Melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 (MCH1 receptor) is known to be involved in the control of mood and stress, in addition to the regulation of feeding. Here, we report further evidence that the blockade of the MCH1 receptor exhibits antidepressant and anxiolytic-like effects in a variety of animal models using TASP0382650 and TASP0489838, newly(More)
NRA0160, 5 - [2- ( 4- ( 3 - fluorobenzylidene) piperidin-1-yl) ethyl] - 4 -(4-fluorophenyl) thiazole-2-carboxamide, has a high affinity for human cloned dopamine D4.2, D4.4 and D4.7 receptors, with Ki values of 0.5, 0.9 and 2.7 nM, respectively. NRA0160 is over 20,000fold more potent at the dopamine D4.2 receptor compared with the human cloned dopamine D2L(More)
Atypical antipsychotic properties of 4-(4-fluorobenzylidene)-1-[2-[5-(4-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]ethyl] piperidine (NRA0161) were investigated by in vitro receptor affinities, in vivo receptor occupancies and findings were compared with those of risperidone and haloperidol in rodent behavioral studies. In in vitro receptor binding studies, NRA0161 has(More)