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Drug resistance is one of the important factors that determine tumor response to chemotherapy. Several candidates for resistance to various chemotherapeutic agents have been elucidated. O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) removes methylation damage induced by nitrosourea from the O6 position of DNA guanines before cell injury.(More)
1. We studied the effects of BQ-123, a selective ETA receptor antagonist, on125I-endothelin-1 (125I-ET-1) binding to cell surface receptors in surgically excised human meningiomas and on ET-1-induced DNA synthesis in cultured human meningioma cellsin vitro, using a quantitative receptor autoradiographic technique with radioluminography and3H-thymidine(More)
We identified and characterized 125I-endothelin-1 (125I-ET-1) binding sites in tumor capillaries isolated from human glioblastomas, using the quantitative receptor autoradiographic technique with pellet sections. Quantification was done using the computerized radioluminographic imaging plate system. High-affinity ET receptors were localized in capillaries(More)
The adhesion molecule E-cadherin has been shown to influence malignant transformation of tumors, including local and distant metastases. We examined the expression of E-cadherin to determine its relationship to the development of metastasis in metastatic brain tumors. Immunohistochemistry for E-cadherin and Ki-67 was carried out in 76 formalin-fixed,(More)
Although malignant gliomas are highly invasive tumors, a characteristic that contributes to the commonly observed therapeutic failures and local disease recurrences, the molecular events that regulate invasion in these tumors remain poorly understood. Because the transcription factor RelA/NF-κB has been shown to regulate invasion during several cellular(More)
Simultaneous brain microdialysis in tumour and non-tumour tissues has been used for kinetic determination of the local distribution of an anticancer agent, cisplatin, in rats. Rat brain was implanted with 9L malignant glioma and cisplatin (3.5 mg kg-1) was administered as a selective intracarotid infusion for 30 min to rats prepared for brain microdialysis.(More)
1. We characterized specific125I-endothelin-1 (125I-ET-1) binding sites in microvessels isolated from human meningiomas, using anin vitro quantitative receptor autoradiographic technique coupled to a radioluminographic imaging plate system. 2. This newly developed and highly sensitive method revealed high-affinity ET receptors present in pellet sections of(More)
The administration of chemotherapy to patients with tumors of the central nervous system is often blocked by the blood-brain barrier. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a cytokine that promotes vascular permeability in addition to its pro-inflammatory effects. However, no direct evidence exists as to whether TNF-alpha may increase permeability of(More)
BACKGROUND The Ets-1 transcription factor has been proposed to play an important role in the invasive process of tumor cells through the induction of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA). METHODS Because meningiomas are potentially invasive tumors, irrespective of their malignancy grades, the authors immunohistochemically investigated Ets-1 and(More)
The authors describe a male patient who developed a large intracranial meningioma during the hormone therapy for pre-existing prostate cancer. A 70-year-old man received a brain check-up, and no intracranial abnormality was detected. Five months later, prostate cancer was diagnosed, and he underwent prostatectomy. Leuprorelin acetate, a luteinizing(More)