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We studied the effects of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on seizure susceptibility in rats. rTMS of 1000 pulses at 0.5 Hz led to a prolonged latency for seizure development after an intraperitoneal injection of pentylenetetrazol. The rTMS effectively prevented the development of status epilepticus of(More)
Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) elicited by magnetic coil stimulation of motor cortex were studied at rest and during maximum voluntary muscle contraction in 20 normal subjects and 42 patients with motor disorders. MEP parameters employed in this study included: onset latency, amplitude, MEP/M wave amplitude ratio and background EMG/MEP area ratio. Maximum(More)
OBJECTIVES To report follow-up studies of cerebellar stimulation in patients with acute cerebellar ataxia (ACA). METHODS We studied two patients with ACA. One patient also had decreased deep sensations in the feet due to combined diseases such as diabetic polyneuropathy and lumbosacral radiculopathies. We applied the technique of electrical stimulation(More)
Using subcutaneous solid tumors produced by U251-MG human glioma cells, we studied the in vivo transfection of the cells with the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) gene delivered by means of liposomes. When the tumor had become 7 mm in diameter, liposomes with entrapped TNF-alpha gene were injected into the center of the subcutaneous tumor. We found(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine high frequency oscillations (HFOs) of somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) recorded directly from subdural electrodes to investigate the relationship between the primary somatosensory cortex and HFOs. METHODS SEPs were recorded directly from subdural electrodes previously implanted in 3 patients for clinical evaluation prior to(More)
BACKGROUND Intracranial ependymal cysts are rare lesions generally located in the cerebral parenchyma, juxtraventricular region, or subarachnoid space; but no case of a purely intraventricular ependymal cyst has been reported. CASE REPORT A case of intraventricular ependymal cyst presenting with symptoms of psychosis is reported. The patient's symptoms(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the tumor growth rate is very important when considering strategies for the treatment of an acoustic neuroma, although the natural course of acoustic neuromas has not been reviewed in detail. METHODS The clinicopathologic features and the postoperative growth of tumors were evaluated in 32 patients with acoustic neuromas. This study(More)
OBJECT Hypothalamic hamartoma is generally diagnosed based on its magnetic resonance (MR) imaging characteristics and the patient's clinical symptoms, but the relationship between the neuroradiological findings and clinical presentation has never been fully investigated. In this retrospective study the authors sought to determine this relationship. (More)
We report two patients with deafferentation pain secondary to central nervous system lesions who were evaluated by noninvasive magnetic coil stimulation of the motor cortex followed by electrical motor cortex stimulation with epidural electrode array implantation. Magnetic coil stimulation was very useful to estimate the effect of electrical stimulation.(More)
INTRODUCTION Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a non-invasive and easily tolerated method of altering cortical physiology. To date, numerous open and sham controlled clinical trials have explored the antidepressant potential of rTMS. In the present study, we investigated clinical trials of high-frequency rTMS (20 Hz) for treatment of(More)