Takemitsu Furuchi

Learn More
Previously we showed that activation of Erk in quiescent cells occurs in the caveolae fraction isolated from fibroblasts. Since the structure and function of caveolae is sensitive to the amount of cholesterol in the membrane, it might be that a direct link exists between the concentration of membrane cholesterol and mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase(More)
D-Aspartate (D-Asp) is an endogenous amino acid present in nervous and endocrine tissues in mammals. A high concentration of D-Asp is observed in embryos, which disappears in nervous tissues after delivery, but increases temporarily in endocrine glands, particularly in the pituitary, pineal and adrenal glands at the specific stages. In the pineal gland,(More)
Certain steroids having an oxo group at the C-17 or C-20 position such as pregnenolone and dehydroisoandrosterone inhibit the cholesterol transport from lysosomes to other cellular sites. Taking advantage of the fact that the inhibition is reversed upon removal of the steroids, we studied the factors that control the cholesterol transport from lysosomes to(More)
The understanding of D-amino acid metabolism in higher plants lags far behind that in mammals, for which the biological functions of these unique amino acids have already been elucidated. In this article, we report on the biochemical behavior of D-amino acids (particularly D-Asp) and relevant metabolic enzymes in Arabidopsis thaliana. During germination and(More)
During normal spermatogenesis, more than half of the germ cells undergo apoptosis, but the physiological significance and molecular mechanisms of this programmed cell death are largely unknown. Because Bcl-2 functions as a death repressor, we have investigated the effect of misexpressing Bcl-2 in spermatogonia in transgenic mice using the human bcl-2 cDNA(More)
The nucleotide sequence of one of the putrescine transport operons (pPT71), located at 16 min of the Escherichia coli chromosome, was determined. It contained the genes for an induced ornithine decarboxylase and a putrescine transport protein. The gene for the ornithine decarboxylase contained a 2,196-nucleotide open reading frame encoding a 732-amino acid(More)
In our previous reports [Z. Long, H. Homma, J.-A. Lee, T. Fukushima, T. Santa, T. Iwatsubo, R. Yamada, K. Imai, FEBS Lett. 434 (1998) 231-235; Z. Long, M. Sekine, M. Adachi, T. Furuchi, K. Imai, N. Nimura, H. Homma, Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 404 (2002) 92-97], we demonstrated for the first time that D-aspartate (D-Asp) is actually synthesized in cultured(More)
To identify novel genes that confer resistance to methylmercury (MeHg), a yeast genomic DNA library was transfected into Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Two functional plasmids were isolated from transfected yeast clones D1 and H5 that exhibited resistance to MeHg. The yeast transfected with plasmid isolated from clone H5 was several-fold more resistant than(More)
Escherichia coli KK313, which was deficient in spermidine transport, was isolated by treatment of E. coli MA261 with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine. E. coli NH1596, which was deficient in spermidine transport and has a 90% decreased putrescine transport activity, was obtained by a second treatment of E. coli KK313 with the same mutagen. Genes for(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the gene for the spermidine and putrescine transport system that maps at 15 min on the Escherichia coli chromosome was determined. It contained four open reading frames encoding A, B, C, and D proteins. By making several subclones, we showed that expression of all the four proteins was necessary for maximal spermidine and(More)