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Resistance to hormonal therapy frequently occurs following successful treatment in breast cancer. The mechanism responsible for this acquired resistance is still unknown. It has been suggested that a hypoxic tumor microenvironment promotes malignant progression of cancer, i.e., hypoxia may promote estrogen-independent growth (a more malignant phenotype) of(More)
Paraquat (PQ)-induced pulmonary toxicity is characterized by initial development of pulmonary edema, infiltration of inflammatory cells, and damage to the alveolar epithelium, which may progress to severe fibrosis. However, the exact role of PQ in the progression of the pathogenesis has not been clearly established. To understand the mechanism of PQ in(More)
Asbestos is well-known for its tumorigenic activity, but its effect on anti-tumor immunity remains unclear. Therefore, we prepared a sub-line of YT-A1 human NK cells exposed to chrysotile B (CB) asbestos (YT-CB5) as an in vitro model to analyze the effect of asbestos exposure on NK cells, and examined cytotoxicity and expressions of its related molecules.(More)
AIMS The Modelflow method can estimate cardiac output from arterial blood pressure waveforms using a three-element model of aortic input impedance (aortic characteristic impedance, arterial compliance, and systemic vascular resistance). We tested the reliability of a non-invasive cardiac output estimation during submaximal exercise using the Modelflow(More)
Recent studies have indicated that a complex machinery of transactivation of target genes by estrogen or antiestrogen through estrogen receptor (ER) exists. However, the substantial roles of ER-beta, coactivators, and corepressors in the development and progression of breast cancer remain to be elucidated. To obtain some clue to these roles, we screened the(More)
Through the application of the NIH/3T3 tumorigenicity assay to DNA from a gastric carcinoma, we have identified a novel transforming gene, designated myeov (myeloma overexpressed gene in a subset of t[11;14]-positive multiple myelomas). Sequence analyses did not reveal any homology with sequences present in the GenBank, except the deduced protein structure(More)
We investigated DNA copy number aberrations in 37 cell lines derived from multiple myelomas (MMs) using comparative genomic hybridization, and 11 (29.7%) showed high-level gain indicative of gene amplification at 1q12-q22. A corresponding transcriptional mapping using oligonucleotide arrays extracted three up-regulated genes (IRTA2, PDZK1, and S100A6)(More)
Recently several chromosomal translocations involved in myeloma cases and myeloma cell lines; i.e., t(11;14)(q13;q32), t('8;14)(q24;q32), t(4;14)(q16.3;q32.3), t(6;14)(p25;q32), and t(14;16)(q32.3;q23), have been identified. These translocations are considered to dysregulate genes which may be concerned with myelomagenesis; i.e., PRAD1/cyclin D1, the c-myc(More)
PURPOSE Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is one of the most aggressive malignancies. Although multidisciplinary treatments have been introduced, patients with this disease rarely survive longer than 1 year. These findings prompted us to investigate the antitumor activity of molecular targeting agents in thyroid cancer cells. METHODS Two tyrosine kinase(More)