Takemi Akahane

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Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) may cause fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, the exact mechanism of disease progression is not fully understood. Angiogenesis has been shown to play an important role in the progression of chronic liver disease. The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of angiogenesis in the(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been identified as a vascular permeability factor, angiogenic cytokine, and a survival factor. To address its role in mammary carcinogenesis, we used transgenic mice with human VEGF(165) targeted to mammary epithelial cells under the control of the mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) promoter. Metastatic mammary(More)
To examine predictive factors for abdominal obesity or metabolic syndrome, we investigated the association of plasma fatty acid composition, estimated desaturase activity, and nutrient intakes, with abdominal obesity or metabolic syndrome in Japanese males. Clinical characteristics, the fatty acid composition of plasma cholesteryl esters, and energy and(More)
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) reportedly inhibit the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with liver cirrhosis and obesity that is frequently associated with insulin resistance (IR). However, the possible mechanism is still obscure. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of BCAAs, especially in conjunction with(More)
Freeze inactivation of LDH, MDH, ADH, G-6-PDH, and PK and its prevention with additives such as sodium glutamate and albumin were studied. LDH, MDH, ADH, G-6-PDH, and PK, each lost their activity during frozen storage at -20 degrees C. The speed of the inactivation differed in each. The stability of the enzymes increased with the increase of the enzyme(More)
It was reported over a decade ago that tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) suppresses angiogenesis in experimental models but the mechanism is still incompletely understood. This in vitro study focused on the molecular basis of TIMP-1-mediated inhibition of endothelial cell (EC) migration, a key step in the angiogenic process. Both recombinant(More)
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) regulates matrix metalloproteinase activity, acts as a growth stimulator and inhibits apoptosis. We developed transgenic mice to evaluate the relevance of circulating versus mammary TIMP-1 in mammary carcinogenesis. The transgene was placed under the control of the albumin (Alb) promoter for the production(More)
Recent studies have revealed a close relationship between insulin resistance (IR) and the progression of chronic liver diseases, although relatively little is known regarding the possible mechanisms involved. The aim of this study was to elucidate the impact of IR on the development of liver fibrosis and hepatocarcinogenesis using obese diabetic Otsuka(More)
Apart from simple steatosis, the non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) can progress into liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. To date, however, no widely accepted therapeutic modalities have been established against NASH in the clinical practice. To find out promising new therapeutic agents, it is important to employ an appropriate experimental model of NASH, such(More)
Both angiotensin-II (AT-II) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) have been shown to play important roles in the progression of liver fibrosis. However, the interaction of AT-II with VEGF in the liver fibrosis has not been elucidated yet. The aim of the current study was to elucidate a possible association between these molecules, especially in(More)