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The C protein, an accessory protein of Sendai virus (SeV), has anti-interferon capacity and suppresses viral RNA synthesis. In addition, it is thought that the C protein is involved in virus budding because of the low efficiency of release of progeny virions from C-knockout virus-infected cells and because of the requirement of the C protein for efficient(More)
For many enveloped viruses, cellular multivesicular body (MVB) sorting machinery has been reported to be utilized for efficient viral budding. Matrix and Gag proteins have been shown to contain one or two L-domain motifs (PPxY, PT/SAP, YPDL, and FPIV), some of which interact specifically with host cellular proteins involved in MVB sorting, which are(More)
We have sequenced the entire genome of a virulent field isolate of Sendai virus, the Hamamatsu strain, and compared the sequence with that of a distant related strain, the Z strain. Calculation of synonymous and non-synonymous (amino acid changing) nucleotide substitutions revealed regions where changes were permissive and non-permissive, and the(More)
We previously demonstrated that a systematic passage of a pathogenic field isolate of Sendai virus (SeV), the Hamamatsu strain, in embryonated eggs caused attenuation of virulence to mice, and we isolated viral clones of distinct virulence (K. Kiyotani et al. Arch. Virol. 146:893-908, 2001). One of the clones, E15cl2, which was obtained from the virus at(More)
The paramyxoviruses define a diverse group of enveloped RNA viruses that includes a number of important human and animal pathogens. Examples include human respiratory syncytial virus and the human parainfluenza viruses, which cause respiratory illnesses in young children and the elderly; measles and mumps viruses, which have caused recent resurgences of(More)
Envelope viruses maturate by macromolecule assembly and budding. To investigate these steps, we generated virus-like particles (VLPs) by co-expression of structural proteins of Sendai virus (SeV), a prototype of the family Paramyxoviridae. Simultaneous expression of matrix (M), nucleo- (N), fusion (F), and hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) proteins resulted(More)
The adenovirus type 7 (Ad7) isolates from the 1995 nationwide outbreak in Japan were genetically and seroepidemiologically analyzed in comparison with Japanese Ad7 strains isolated before 1995 to determine their genome type and to speculate on their origin and causative factors of the outbreak. Twenty-six Ad7 isolates from the outbreak were identified by(More)
The V protein of Sendai virus (SeV) is nonessential for virus replication in cell culture but indispensable for viral pathogenicity in mice. At the C terminus of the V protein, there are amino acid residues conserved among the members of the Paramyxovinae subfamily that are clustered in three regions: region I, just downstream of the RNA editing site; and(More)
The matrix (M) protein of Sendai virus (SeV) has five cysteine residues, at positions 83, 106, 158, 251, and 295. To determine the roles of the cysteine residues in viral assembly, we generated mutant M cDNA possessing a substitution to serine at one of the cysteine residues or at all of the cysteine residues. Some mutant M proteins were unstable when(More)
  • T Sakaguchi
  • 1997
The M2 protein of influenza virus A is an integral membrane protein that is expressed on the infected cell surface and incorporated into virions. This protein is a minor component in virions but plays an essential role in the viral life cycle. The M2 protein, which forms a homotetramer, has H+ ion channel activity that is sensitive to an anti-influenza(More)