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For many enveloped viruses, cellular multivesicular body (MVB) sorting machinery has been reported to be utilized for efficient viral budding. Matrix and Gag proteins have been shown to contain one or two L-domain motifs (PPxY, PT/SAP, YPDL, and FPIV), some of which interact specifically with host cellular proteins involved in MVB sorting, which are(More)
The C protein, an accessory protein of Sendai virus (SeV), has anti-interferon capacity and suppresses viral RNA synthesis. In addition, it is thought that the C protein is involved in virus budding because of the low efficiency of release of progeny virions from C-knockout virus-infected cells and because of the requirement of the C protein for efficient(More)
We previously demonstrated that a systematic passage of a pathogenic field isolate of Sendai virus (SeV), the Hamamatsu strain, in embryonated eggs caused attenuation of virulence to mice, and we isolated viral clones of distinct virulence (K. Kiyotani et al. Arch. Virol. 146:893-908, 2001). One of the clones, E15cl2, which was obtained from the virus at(More)
The paramyxoviruses define a diverse group of enveloped RNA viruses that includes a number of important human and animal pathogens. Examples include human respiratory syncytial virus and the human parainfluenza viruses, which cause respiratory illnesses in young children and the elderly; measles and mumps viruses, which have caused recent resurgences of(More)
Tannins, plant-derived polyphenols and other related compounds, have been utilized for a long time in many fields such as the food industry and manufacturing. In this study, we investigated the anti-viral effects of tannins on 12 different viruses including both enveloped viruses (influenza virus H3N2, H5N3, herpes simplex virus-1, vesicular stomatitis(More)
Envelope viruses maturate by macromolecule assembly and budding. To investigate these steps, we generated virus-like particles (VLPs) by co-expression of structural proteins of Sendai virus (SeV), a prototype of the family Paramyxoviridae. Simultaneous expression of matrix (M), nucleo- (N), fusion (F), and hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) proteins resulted(More)
The V protein of Sendai virus (SeV) is nonessential for virus replication in cell culture but indispensable for viral pathogenicity in mice. At the C terminus of the V protein, there are amino acid residues conserved among the members of the Paramyxovinae subfamily that are clustered in three regions: region I, just downstream of the RNA editing site; and(More)
The adenovirus type 7 (Ad7) isolates from the 1995 nationwide outbreak in Japan were genetically and seroepidemiologically analyzed in comparison with Japanese Ad7 strains isolated before 1995 to determine their genome type and to speculate on their origin and causative factors of the outbreak. Twenty-six Ad7 isolates from the outbreak were identified by(More)
Sendai virus (SeV) encodes two accessory proteins, V and C, in the alternative reading frames in the P gene that are accessed transcriptionally (V) or translationally (C). The C protein is expressed as a nested set of four C-coterminal proteins, C', C, Y1, and Y2, that use different initiation codons. Using HeLa cell lines constitutively expressing the(More)
Persistent and stable expression of foreign genes has been achieved in mammalian cells by integrating the genes into the host chromosomes. However, this approach has several shortcomings in practical applications. For example, large scale production of protein pharmaceutics frequently requires laborious amplification of the inserted genes to optimize the(More)