Takehito Yoshida

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We estimated the contributions of sedimentation and cell lysis to the loss of two large phytoplankton species (Fragilaria crotonensis and Staurastrum dorsidentiferum) in Lake Biwa. Major loss process differed between species, and large phytoplankton did not necessarily function as a nutrient sink. The spring bloom of F. crotonensis was terminated by(More)
Ecologists have increasingly focused on how rapid adaptive trait changes can affect population dynamics. Rapid adaptation can result from either rapid evolution or phenotypic plasticity, but their effects on population dynamics are seldom compared directly. Here we examine theoretically the effects of rapid evolution and phenotypic plasticity of(More)
Evolution on a time scale similar to ecological dynamics has been increasingly recognized for the last three decades. Selection mediated by ecological interactions can change heritable phenotypic variation (i.e., evolution), and evolution of traits, in turn, can affect ecological interactions. Hence, ecological and evolutionary dynamics can be tightly(More)
In the past couple of decades, molecular ecological techniques have been developed to elucidate microbial diversity and distribution in microbial ecosystems. Currently, modern techniques, represented by meta-omics and single cell observations, are revealing the incredible complexity of microbial ecosystems and the large degree of phenotypic variation. These(More)
Factors affecting the within-lake distribution of Trapa japonica were analysed in Lake Mikata, Japan, by integrating remote sensing analyses, field surveys, and laboratory experiments. The T. japonica bed has been expanding since 2006 and covered more than 60 % of the lake’s area from 2008 to 2010. However, two parts of the lake, the upper and lower areas,(More)
Most citrus tristeza virus (CTV) strains infect almost all Citrus species and have caused serious damage on citrus production in many countries. Poncirus trifoliata (trifoliate orange) has a single dominant resistance gene effective against a broad range of CTV strains. P. trifoliata is sexually compatible with Citrus species, and introgression breeding(More)
The metacommunity perspective has attracted much attention recently, but the understanding of how dispersal between local communities alters their ecological dynamics is still limited, especially regarding the effect of non-random, unequal dispersal of organisms. This is a study of a three-trophic-level (predator-prey-resource) system that is connected by(More)
Water chestnut (genus Trapa) is an annual floating-leaved macrophyte that produces dense beds known to drastically modify freshwater ecosystems. Although Trapa displays a distinct phenology that should alter the innate seasonal dynamics of ecosystems, the seasonality of these effects has rarely been investigated. Therefore, we examined seasonal changes in(More)
The Japanese prickly ash, Zanthoxylum ailanthoides Siebold & Zucc. (Rutaceae), is one of the most common pioneer tree species that grow in disturbed areas, such as canopy gaps, in Japanese warm-temperate evergreen oak forests. The strong genetic structure of its current population might suggest long-term isolation of subpopulations by demographic events, in(More)
Diel vertical migration (DVM), which is a well-known behavior of planktonic organisms, is influenced by several factors, including predation, ultraviolet radiation, temperature, and food. The larvae of Chaoborus (Diptera) exhibit DVM in lakes and ponds. However, it is unclear whether the DVM of Chaoborus larvae changes seasonally and whether induction cues(More)