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Oocyte meiosis is arrested at prophase I by factors secreted from surrounding somatic cells after oocytes acquire meiotic competence at an early antral stage, and meiosis resumes in preovulatory follicles as a result of the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge. Recently, signaling by C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) through its receptor, natriuretic peptide(More)
The achondroplastic mouse is a spontaneous mutant characterized by disproportionate dwarfism with short limbs and tail due to disturbed chondrogenesis during endochondral ossification. These abnormal phenotypes are controlled by an autosomal recessive gene (cn). In this study, linkage analysis using 115 affected mice of F2 progeny mapped the cn locus on an(More)
Short-limbed dwarfism (SLW) is a new mutant mouse characterized by a dwarf phenotype with markedly short body, limbs, and tail. In the present study, we investigated the skeletal phenotypes of the SLW mouse and determined the chromosomal localization to identify the gene responsible for the phenotypes (slw). Skeletal preparations stained with alcian blue(More)
UNLABELLED Morphological changes of osteoclasts by a MEK1 inhibitor, PD98059, were investigated to clarify a role of ERK. PD98059 promoted apoptosis of osteoclasts and the loss of ruffled borders. This study supports the importance of ERK in survival and polarity of osteoclasts. INTRODUCTION Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) is a mitogen(More)
Mice carrying the piebald mutation exhibit white coat spotting due to the regional absence of neural crest-derived melanocytes. We reported previously that the piebald locus encodes the Ednrb gene and that piebald mice express low levels of structurally intact Ednrb mRNA and EDNRB protein (Hosoda, K., Hammer, R. E., Richardson, J. A., Baynash, A. G.,(More)
The WS4 mouse is an animal model for human Waardenburg syndrome type 4 (WS4), showing pigmentation anomalies, deafness and megacolon, which are caused by defects of neural crest-derived cells. We have previously reported that the gene responsible for the WS4 mouse is an allele of the piebald mutations of the endothelin B receptor gene (Ednrb). In this(More)
YPC is a mutant mouse strain with defective hair growth characterized by thin, short hairs and poorly developed hair bulbs and dermal papillae. To identify the gene associated with the phenotype, we performed genome-wide linkage analysis using 1010 backcross progeny and 123 microsatellite markers covering all chromosomes. The mutant locus (ypc) was mapped(More)
Long bone abnormality (lbab/lbab) is a spontaneous mutant mouse characterized by dwarfism with shorter long bones. A missense mutation was reported in the Nppc gene, which encodes C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), but it has not been confirmed whether this mutation is responsible for the dwarf phenotype. To verify that the mutation causes the dwarfism of(More)
Repro22 is an N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU)-induced mutation in mice showing depletion of both male and female germ cells. In the present study, we investigated the male phenotypes of the mutant mouse at the adult stage. The repro22/repro22 homozygous mice showed reduced body weights as well as markedly reduced testis weights. Histological examination of the(More)
Development of the male gonads is a complex process with interaction of various cells in the gonads including germ, Sertoli, Leydig, and myoid cells. TF is a mutant rat strain showing male pseudohermaphroditism, with agenesis of Leydig cells and androgen deficiency controlled by an autosomal single recessive gene (mp). The mp locus was mapped on the distal(More)