Takehisa Oikawa

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Overgrazing is one of the most primary causes of desertification in semi-arid zones of China. From 1992 to 1994 we conducted a grazing experiment in Naiman (lat. 42◦58′N, long. 120◦43′E, 345 m asl), Inner Mongolia, China to elucidate desertification mechanisms. Our experimental field, which was covered with some short grasses, legumes and forbs, included(More)
Chemically ordered bimetallic nanoparticles are promising candidates for magnetic-storage applications. However, the use of sub-10 nm nanomagnets requires further study of possible size effects on their physical properties. Here, the effects of size and morphology on the order-disorder phase transition temperature of CoPt nanoparticles (T(C)(NP)) have been(More)
The carbon dynamics of terrestrial ecosystems was globally simulated with a mechanistic model, Sim-CYCLE, at a spatial resolution of 0.5° × 0.5° in longitude and latitude. Gross photosynthetic production (GPP), net primary production (NPP), carbon storage, absorption of photosynthetically active radiation (APAR), and light-use efficiency (LUE) were(More)
Changes in the composition of plant species induced by grassland degradation may alter soil respiration rates and decrease carbon sequestration; however, few studies in this area have been conducted. We used net primary productivity (NPP), microbial biomass carbon (MBC), and soil organic carbon (SOC) to examine the changes in soil respiration and carbon(More)
Ostwald ripening has been broadly studied because it plays a determinant role in the evolution of cluster size during both chemical and physical synthesis of nanoparticles. This thermoactivated process causes large particles to grow, drawing material from the smaller particles, which shrink. However, this phenomenon becomes more complex when considering the(More)
A microcomputer model for forest carbon dynamics with five functional comparments (atmosphere, foliage, woody-parts, roots and dead biomass in the soil) is constructed which incorporates dry-matter production processes of trees such as photosynthesis, respiration and allocation of photosynthate. The effect of photosynthesis rate at saturated light and dark(More)
The relative specimen thickness obtained with an energy analyser is one of the most important parameters in electron microscopy. It has been made clear that this parameter can be applied not only to inorganic specimens, but also to organic and biological specimens. Moreover, the partial specific thickness of a critical-point-dried cultured fibroblast, that(More)
Laboratory and field germination experiments inCarex kobomugi seeds were pursued to clarify their germination requirements and availability of the requirements in the field. In the laboratory experiments, more than 50% of the seeds ofC. kobomugi germinated under 35/30C or 25/20C when they were scarified with 98% H2SO4 after removal of their utricles, and(More)
To clarify the ecophysiological characteristics of plants growing on a coastal dune, net photosynthetic rate (Pn) and leaf conductance (g1) of three perennial species in Japanese coastal regions,Ischaemum anthephoroides (C4),Carex kobomugi (C3) andCalystegia soldanella (C3), were compared under controlled environmental conditions and field conditions at the(More)
Studying the structure of nanoparticles as a function of their size requires a correlation between the image and the diffraction pattern of single nanoparticles. Nanobeam diffraction technique is generally used but requires long and tedious TEM investigations, particularly when nanoparticles are randomly oriented on an amorphous substrate. We bring a new(More)