Takehisa Ohnishi

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We investigated the role of ATP in the active efflux of doxorubicin (DOX) mediated by P-glycoprotein (P-gp), the multidrug-resistance (MDR) gene product, at the blood-brain barrier. In transient brain ischemic rats prepared with 4-vessel occlusion of vertebral and common carotid arteries for 20 min, a procedure that depleted their brain ATP content to 3%(More)
To evaluate the significance of P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated active efflux on the blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability of cyclosporin A (CsA) in vivo, we investigated the effects of ATP depletion in the brain and of a multidrug-resistant (MDR) reversing agent on the transport of CsA across the BBB. Using transient brain ischemia obtained by 4-vessel(More)
[3H]Acetic acid was taken up into the isolated brain capillaries in a temperature and concentration dependent manner. The initial uptake rates were pH dependent over the range 5.0-7.4. An increase of the uptake rate with decrease in medium pH was not seen in the presence of unlabelled acetic acid (10 mM). The uptake of [3H]acetic acid was significantly(More)
Tuberculids of the penis are extremely rare. The clinical features of tuberculids of the penis have been reported as ulceration or scars. We have experienced a case of tuberculid of the penis that appeared as a scab on nodule. A 56-year-old man presented with a 4-month history of a painless subcutaneous nodule at the glans penis. Pathological findings of(More)
The binding and internalization of a novel adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) analog having a potent neuromodulating effect, ebiratide (H-Met(O2)-Glu-His-Phe-D-Lys-Phe-NH(CH2)8NH2), by isolated bovine brain capillaries, were examined. Metabolism of [5-125I-His]ebiratide occurred during a 30-min incubation with bovine brain capillaries at 37 degrees C. In(More)
Bilateral symptoms and signs of Parkinson’s disease (PD) are often improved by unilateral subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS). However, the mechanism for such bilateral effects is unknown. This study was intended to examine effects of unilateral STN-DBS using positron emission computed tomography (PET) and to elucidate mechanisms for(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) transport system for choline and basic drugs was characterized by the in vivo carotid artery injection technique (Oldendorf, Brain Res., 24, 372-376, 1970) and in vitro uptake into isolated bovine brain capillaries (Pardridge et al., J. Neurochem., 44, 1178-1184, 1985). Basic drugs such as eperisone, thiamine and scopolamine(More)
Twenty patients with essential hypertension were given 400 mg acebutolol once daily for 24 weeks. In order to study if side effects resembling the “Practolol syndrome” developed, ocular effects were sought and antinuclear antibody (ANA) in blood was assessed before and after treatment. ANA was negative both before and after the study in 17 patients; in one(More)
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