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The profile of helicase gene mutations was studied in 89 Japanese Werner’s syndrome (WRN) patients by examining the previously described mutations 1– 4 as well as a new mutation found during this study, designated mutation 5. Of 178 chromosomes (89 patients), 89 chromosomes (50%) had mutation 4, 11 (6.2%) chromosomes had mutation 1, and two chromosomes(More)
The correlation between mutations in the Werner’s syndrome (WRN) gene and the haplotypes of surrounding markers was studied in Japanese patients. We have elucidated the genomic structure of WRN helicase, and found five additional mutations, designated mutations 6–10. Mutations 4 and 6 were found to be the two major mutations in this population; these(More)
Although immunological methods are widely used to diagnose various infectious diseases, they have rarely been employed to detect genetic diseases. In this study, we have established an immunoblot analysis system for the diagnosis of Werner syndrome (WS), a recessive genetic disorder causing premature aging and an enhanced risk of rare cancers. The method(More)
We prepared several monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) specific for the NH2- and COOH-terminal regions of the DNA helicase (WRN helicase) responsible for Werner's syndrome known as a premature aging disease. With these antibodies, we detected by immunoblot analysis the endogenous WRN helicase of a relative mass of 180 kD in several lines of cultured cells, but(More)
Werner syndrome (WS) is a recessive disorder characterized by premature senescence. Bloom syndrome (BS) is a recessive disorder characterized by short stature and immunodeficiency. A common characteristic of both syndromes is genomic instability leading to tumorigenesis. WRN and BLM genes causing WS and BS, encode proteins that are closely related to the(More)
The BET (bromodomains and extra terminal domain) family proteins recognize acetylated chromatin through their bromodomain and act as transcriptional activators. One of the BET proteins, BRD2, associates with the transcription factor E2F, the mediator components CDK8 and TRAP220, and RNA polymerase II, as well as with acetylated chromatin during mitosis.(More)
BACKGROUND Eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) at a younger age is considered to be effective in preventing gastric cancer. This study assessed the characteristics of eradication therapy in young patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS We enrolled 1073 patients with H. pylori infection between 2000 and 2013. The subjects were divided into three groups(More)
The penetration of several antibiotics into human polymorphonuclear leucocytes was measured with a bioassay. The aminoglycosides (gentamicin, netilmicin), oxacillin and LY146032, a new lipopeptidic antibiotic, had a penetration which was generally less than 60%, whereas new fluoro-quinolones (enoxacin, ciprofloxacin, CI934, Ro236240) and rifamycins(More)
Werner syndrome (WS) is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder causing premature aging. The gene (WRN) responsible for WS encodes a protein homologous to the RecQ-type helicase. WRN has a nucleolar localization signal and shows intranuclear trafficking between the nucleolus and the nucleoplasm. WRN is recruited into the nucleolus when rRNA(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the phenotypic characters of carcinoma cells and the response of gastric epithelial cells to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection using the gastric carcinoma cell lines. MATERIAL AND METHODS Real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to assess the effect of H. pylori infection on mRNA levels(More)