Takehisa Abe

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To gain insight into the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy, we investigated cardiac function in terms of the coupling of left ventricular mechanical work and the energetics in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats, which are well known as a model of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Neither left ventricular systolic function and mean coronary flow nor(More)
We hypothesized that cardiac dysfunction in hypothyroidism is mainly caused by the impairment of Ca(2+) handling in excitation-contraction coupling. To prove this hypothesis, we investigated left ventricular (LV) mechanical work and energetics without interference of preload and afterload in an excised, blood-perfused whole heart preparation from(More)
An abnormality in the wing vibration pattern in males of the E(Nc) homeotic mutant of Bombyx mori was investigated. The wild-type (+/+) males show a switching of the rhythmic wing vibrations from a sequential pattern to an intermittent pattern during mating, whereas the E(Nc) mutants show a sequential pattern both before and during mating. Wing motions in(More)
Severe left atrial enlargement associated with mitral valve disease has been known to carry a poor prognosis in patients undergoing mitral valve repair or replacement. There are several reasons why left atrial size can have a significantly negative impact on prognosis. A giant left atrium (LA) can cause postoperative respiratory dysfunction by bronchial and(More)
BACKGROUND Anastomotic needle hole bleeding is a frequently encountered problem in cardiovascular surgeries. OBJECTIVE To examine the feasibility of crosslinked gelatin glue as an anastomotic needle hole sealant in comparison with fibrin glue. METHODS The in vitro burst water pressures were measured for gelatin and fibrin glue sealed needle holes of(More)
A 76-year-old man with systemic lupus erythematosus was found to have an aneurysm of the right sinus of Valsalva. Aortic root replacement with a stentless bioprosthesis, using a full root technique, was successfully performed. The pathological findings of the excised aortic valve were not secondary to atherosclerosis, inflammatory or infectious disease, but(More)
In failing hearts, a deficiency in sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+ -ATPase (SERCA)2a results in abnormal Ca2+ handling and diminished contraction. In addition, a decrease in the phosphorylation of phospholamban (PLB) has been reported. Gene transfer of antisense PLB (asPLB) can improve contractile function in the failing human myocardium. Gene transfer of(More)
We hypothesized that there are no differences in left ventricular (LV) mechanoenergetics between after hyperpolarized cardioplegic arrest by nicorandil (nicorandil arrest) and after depolarized one by high potassium chloride (KCl arrest). The aim of the present study was to test this hypothesis using LV curved end-systolic pressure-volume relation (ESPVR)(More)
AIM Patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) may have bleeding episodes due to the loss of high-molecular-weight (HMW) von Willebrand factor multimers (VWFMs). The absence of HMW-VWFMs and bleeding tendency are usually corrected after aortic valve replacement (AVR). To investigate the process of VWFM recovery and symptoms in patients with severe AS, we(More)
Myocardial protection in patients requiring a second open-heart surgical procedure after coronary artery bypass grafting, especially when there is a patent left internal thoracic artery graft to the left anterior descending coronary artery, remains controversial. We present the case of a patient in whom aortic valve replacement was undertaken 18 months(More)