Takehiko Wada

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BACKGROUND Oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress play a crucial role in tubular damage in both acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). While the pathophysiological contribution of microRNAs (miRNA) to renal damage has also been highlighted, the effect of miRNA on renal damage under oxidative and ER stresses conditions(More)
Elevated serum-soluble urokinase receptor (suPAR) levels have been described in patients with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) in several different cohorts. However, it remains unclear whether this is the case for Japanese patients and whether circulating suPAR can be clinically useful as a diagnostic marker. To determine this, we measured serum(More)
Nephrotic-range proteinuria is due to glomerular diseases characterized by podocyte injury. Glucocorticoids are the standard of care for most forms of nephrotic syndrome. However, the precise mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of glucocorticoids on podocytes, beyond its general immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory effects, are still unknown.(More)
BACKGROUND Podocyte loss contributes to the development of glomerulosclerosis. Although podocytes have been detected in the urine in certain glomerular diseases, the viability of detached cells is not known. METHODS Urine was collected from rats with experimental membranous nephropathy [passive Heymann nephritis (PHN) model], centrifuged, and following(More)
The complement system functions as a part of the innate immune system. Inappropriate activation of the complement pathways has a deleterious effect on kidneys. Recent advances in complement research have provided new insights into the pathogenesis of glomerular and tubulointerstitial injury associated with complement activation. A new disease entity termed(More)
Hypoxia plays a crucial role in many pathophysiological conditions, including cancer biology, and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) regulates transcriptional responses under hypoxia. To elucidate the cellular responses to hypoxia, we performed chromatin immunoprecipitation with deep sequencing in combination with microarray analysis and identified HIF-1(More)
BACKGROUND The reduction in podocyte number is a critical determinant in the development of glomerular diseases. Our recent study demonstrated that glucocorticoids, which are widely used for the treatment of various forms of glomerular injury characterized by proteinuria, protect podocytes from undergoing apoptosis induced by puromycin aminonucleoside (PA).(More)
The static and dynamic fluorescence behavior of a series of hexaalkyl benzenehexacarboxylates (R(6)BHC; R = methyl (Me), tert-butyl (tBu), (-)-menthyl (Men), (-)-bornyl (Bor), (-)-1-methylheptyl (MHp), neopentyl (neoPn), and 2-adamantyl (Ad)) was studied by steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. Dual fluorescence from both the partially(More)
Recent studies have highlighted the renoprotective effect of sirtuin1 (SIRT1), a deacetylase that contributes to cellular regulation. However, the pathophysiologic role of SIRT1 in podocytes remains unclear. Here, we investigated the function of SIRT1 in podocytes. We first established podocyte-specific Sirt1 knockout (SIRT1(pod-/-)) mice. We then induced(More)
Incretin-based drugs, i.e., glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, are widely used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. In addition to the primary role of incretins in stimulating insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells, they have extra pancreatic functions beyond glycemic control. Indeed, recent(More)