Takefumi Sakabe

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KamLAND has measured the flux of nu;(e)'s from distant nuclear reactors. We find fewer nu;(e) events than expected from standard assumptions about nu;(e) propagation at the 99.95% C.L. In a 162 ton.yr exposure the ratio of the observed inverse beta-decay events to the expected number without nu;(e) disappearance is 0.611+/-0.085(stat)+/-0.041(syst) for(More)
By means of comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), we screened 58 primary gastric cancers for changes in copy number of DNA sequences. We detected frequent losses on Ip32-33 (21%), 3p21-23 (22%), 5q14-22 (36%), 6q16 (26%), 9p21-24 (22%), 16q (21%), 17p13 (48%), 18q11-21(33%), and 19(40%). Gains were most often noted at I p36 (22%), 8p22-23 (24%), 8q23-24(More)
Intrathecal strychnine (glycine antagonist) or bicuculline (GABA(A) antagonist) yields a touch-evoked agitation that is blocked by N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonism. We examined the effects of intrathecal strychnine and bicuculline on touch-evoked agitation and the spinal release of amino acids. Fifty-two Sprague-Dawley rats were prepared under(More)
Fifty-three patients with benign bone tumours were treated with curettage and filling with a purified beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP). Recurrences occurred in two cases. There was neither a postoperative infection nor adverse reaction due to the material. Postoperative fractures did not occur in any patients. Radiographically, complete resorption of the(More)
Repeated hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) exposure prior to ischemia has been reported to provide neuroprotection against ischemic brain injury. The present study examined the time course of neuroprotection of HBO (3.5 atmosphere absolute, 100% oxygen, 1 h for 5 consecutive days) and the changes of gene/protein expression in rats. First, at 6 h, 12 h, 24 h, and 72 h(More)
UNLABELLED Bispectral index (BIS) integrates various electroencephalographic (EEG) parameters into a single variable. However, the exact algorithm used to synthesize the parameters to BIS values is not known. The relationship between BIS and EEG parameters was evaluated during nitrous oxide/isoflurane anesthesia. Twenty patients scheduled for elective(More)
BACKGROUND In several animal studies, an increase in cerebral blood flow (CBF) produced by volatile anesthetics has been reported to resolve over time during prolonged anesthesia. It is important to investigate whether this time-dependent change of CBF takes place in humans, especially in clinical situations where surgery is ongoing under anesthesia. In(More)
A membrane cytoskeletal protein, fodrin, is a substrate for a Ca2+-dependent protease, calpain. It remains unknown whether mu-calpain or m-calpain is involved in the proteolysis of either alpha- or beta-fodrin and in what subcellular localization during ischemia and reperfusion of the brain. To address these issues, we examined the distribution of fodrin(More)
Two types of ischemic tolerance in the brain, rapid and delayed, have been reported in terms of the interval between the conditioning and test insults. Although many reports showed that delayed-phase neuroprotection evoked by preconditioning is evident after 1 week or longer, there have been a few investigations about rapidly induced tolerance, and the(More)