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According to the meta-analysis performed by de Leon and Diaz, the smoking rate was higher among schizophrenia patients than in the general population with the exception of the populations of Japan and Colombia. The purpose of this study was to reexamine the association between schizophrenia and smoking among Japanese schizophrenia patients using objective(More)
Introduction Suicide is among the most tragic outc comes of all mental disorders. WHO estimates that, worldwide, there are approximately one million deaths from suicide each year, and 20 times this numc ber of people attempt suicide. Although the Japanese population leads the world in longevity, it has a high rate of suicide that is globally ranked ninth.(More)
OBJECTIVE Health literacy (HL), the capacity of individuals to access, understand, and use health information to make informed and appropriate health-related decisions, has been recognized as an important concept in patient education and disease management. This study examined the psychometric properties of newly developed scales for measuring three(More)
Chronic benzodiazepine (BDZ) users often have difficulty with BDZ withdrawal. To examine clinical effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) on tapering BDZ use in non-depressive patients, 97 outpatients with a history of BDZ use for at least 3 months were recruited at an internal medicine clinic of a university hospital. After the 4th edition(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The metabolic risk factors obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia are closely associated with renal dysfunction. As psychosocial stress affects these risk factors, here, we examined relationships between metabolic risk factors and renal function, and their(More)
The incidence of suicide in Japan has increased markedly in recent years, making suicide a major social problem. Between 1997 and 2006, the annual number of suicides increased from 24,000 to 32,000; the most dramatic increase occurred in middle-aged men, the group showing the greatest increase in depression. Recent studies have shown that prevention(More)
INTRODUCTION There have been conflicting findings on whether metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with smoking and alcohol intake. This study investigated the association of MetS with smoking and alcohol intake. METHODS MetS was defined according to the International Diabetes Federation criteria, and smoking and alcohol intake were evaluated for 1,215(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies on the association between the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and depression have reported conflicting findings. This 1-year cohort study aims to evaluate the association of MetS with the development of both depression and anxiety. METHODS The cohort comprised 956 Japanese male employees of an enterprise (mean age, 42.7 years; SD,(More)
AIM The evidence is conflicting as to whether or not metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with depression and anxiety. For this reason, we have investigated the association of MetS with depression and anxiety in Japanese men. METHODS MetS was defined as in the new (2006) criteria of the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), and depression and(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between job stress and insomnia among office workers. METHODS This cross-sectional study examined 1209 male workers (mean age 43 years) at periodic health checkups in 2007. Insomnia was defined as consistently experiencing any of three sleep disorder symptoms (i.e., difficulty initiating sleep, difficulty maintaining(More)