Takeaki Okamoto

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Oxygen radicals are induced under various pathologic conditions associated with neovascularization. Oxygen radicals modulate angiogenesis in cultured human microvascular endothelial cells by an unknown mechanism. Treatment of human microvascular endothelial cells for 15 min with 0.1 to 0.5 mM hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) or 100 U of tumor necrosis factor alpha(More)
Epidemiological studies have indicated a correlation between homocysteinemia and dementia, including Alzheimer's disease. However, the mechanism by which homocysteine (Hcy) induces neuronal cell death remains unknown. We found that micromolar concentrations of Hcy induced neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell death only when co-cultured with glioblastoma U251MG cells.(More)
ACh receptors (AChRs) synthesized in Xenopus oocytes which were cultured in medium containing gentamicin desensitized much more rapidly than those expressed in the absence of gentamicin. The effect caused by 24 h incubation in gentamicin could not be reversed by leaving oocytes in culture medium without gentamicin for 24 h. In addition, gentamicin exhibited(More)
In response to atherogenic stimuli, blood monocytes transmigrate across the vascular endothelium not only through endothelial cell–cell junctions (para-cellular) but also through endothelial cells themselves (trans-cellular). The molecular mechanism of the latter is mostly unknown, because it rarely happens, especially in vitro. Although many reports have(More)
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