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BACKGROUND Human beta-defensin (HBD)-1 and -2 are antimicrobial peptides present in the respiratory tract. Recent reports have indicated reduced activity of beta-defensins in cystic fibrosis, suggesting that beta-defensins may play an important role in the pathological process of chronic respiratory tract infection. Diffuse panbronchiolitis (DPB) is a(More)
We identified human leukocyte alloantigens (HLA) class II alleles in 24 Japanese children with steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS) by deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) typing. The DQA1 and DQB1 alleles were identified using sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes for DQA and DQB. The frequency of DQB1*0302 was significantly higher in the patients than in(More)
Human beta-defensin-2 (hBD-2), a novel antimicrobial peptide, was originally isolated from human skin. We found that synthetic hBD-2 has high bactericidal activity against Escherichia coli under conditions nearly the same as in human bronchial airway surface liquid. We prepared an antiserum against hBD-2 and established a highly sensitive radioimmunoassay(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To investigate the role of neutrophil peptides named alpha-defensins in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). PATIENTS Thirty-seven patients with TB and 25 healthy subjects. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS Concentrations of alpha-defensins (human neutrophil peptide [HNP]-1, HNP-2, and HNP-3) were measured by radioimmunoassay in plasma and(More)
Human beta-defensin (hBD)-3, a 45 amino acid antimicrobial peptide, was originally isolated from human skin. hBD-3 mRNA has also been detected in the airways by RT-PCR. While hBD-3 may be involved in antimicrobial defences within the respiratory tract, the presence of hBD-3 peptide in the respiratory system has not yet been confirmed. The antimicrobial(More)
Human beta-defensin-1 (hBD-1) is a 36-amino-acid antimicrobial peptide that functions in the host innate defense. We developed a highly sensitive radioimmunoassay for hBD-1 and identified several hBD-1 peptides in human kidney, urine, and plasma by amino acid sequencing and mass spectrometry. Large quantities of hBD-1 peptides are produced in the kidney,(More)
The association between idiopathic nephropathy and HLA-class II antigen has been reported in many ethnic groups. We attempted to ascertain the HLA regions more specifically, associated with Japanese idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN), IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS), by examining HLA-class II genes. DNA typing of(More)
We measured the concentrations of soluble adhesion molecules in serum obtained from healthy volunteers and from patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The concentrations of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), E-selectin, and P-selectin(More)
BACKGROUND Neutrophils are thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Human neutrophils contain antimicrobial and cytotoxic peptides in the azurophil granules which belong to a family of mammalian neutrophil peptides named alpha-defensins. A study was undertaken to investigate the role of alpha-defensins in(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To investigate the roles of human alpha-defensin (HAD), human beta-defensin (HBD)-1, and HBD-2, novel antimicrobial peptides, in patients with Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare infection (MAI). PATIENTS The study included 25 patients (10 men) with MAI who visited our hospital between June 1998 and August 1999. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS(More)