Takazumi Taniguchi

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the time course of the ocular hypoperfusion, retinal damage, and optic nerve damage induced by intravitreal injection of endothelin-1 (ET-1) in rabbits. ET-1, at 5 pmol (20 microL, twice a week for 2 or 4 weeks), was injected from the pars plana into the posterior vitreous of the right eye. Optic nerve head (ONH)(More)
PURPOSE We investigated whether lomerizine, a new diphenylmethylpiperazine calcium channel blocker, exerted a neuroprotective effect on axonal or retinal damage induced by optic nerve injury in the rat. METHODS A partial crush lesion was inflicted unilaterally on the optic nerve, 2 mm behind the globe, in adult Wistar albino rats. Animals were treated(More)
Ocular pulse amplitude (OPA) and intraocular pressure (IOP) were measured in groups of human subjects with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), ocular hypertension (OHT), low-tension glaucoma (LTG), retinal degenerations (RD), in OHT volunteers treated with single doses of 2% epinephrine, 4% pilocarpine, 0.5% timolol or 1% p-amino-clonidine, and in normal(More)
PURPOSE The regulation of adenylyl cyclase by multiple signal systems was investigated by biochemical studies of the enzyme in ciliary processes and by in vivo intraocular pressure responses in the rabbit eye. METHODS Adenylyl cyclase enzyme activity was determined by radiometric assay using alpha-32 P-ATP as substrate. Drugs were administered to the(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on retrograde axonal transport in the rat optic nerve. Vehicle or ET-1 (0.2, 1, or 5 pmol/eye) were injected into the vitreous body in Sprague-Dawley rats. Retinal vessels were observed, using a fundus camera, before, and at 10 min, 3 days and 7 days after a single intravitreous(More)
We examined the time course of changes in optic disc structure by means of a scanning laser ophthalmoscope (Heidelberg Retina Tomograph, HRT) in ocular hypertensive (experimental glaucoma) monkeys, and clarified the relationships between the histological RNFL thickness and HRT parameters. Further, the time course of changes in retinal nerve fiber layer(More)
Experimentally induced changes in the central visual pathway were studied by using positron emission tomography in monkeys with unilateral hypertension glaucoma. In 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose studies, monocular visual stimulation of the affected eye yielded significantly reduced neural responses in the occipital visuocortical areas. The response(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the ocular effects of oxymetazoline hydrochloride, an alpha 2 agonist, in cynomolgus monkeys and albino rabbits. METHODS Intraocular pressure was measured before and for 6 hours after application to glaucomatous monkey eyes. Outflow facility and aqueous flow rates were measured in normal monkey eyes. Uveoscleral outflow was measured(More)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the changes in neurofilament light (NF-L) protein in the optic nerve in rat kainate and monkey ocular hypertension models. In the rat model, optic nerve damage was induced by kainate injection into the vitreous body. In the monkey model, photocoagulation of the trabecular meshwork led to laser-induced ocular(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to examine retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in normal cynomolgus monkeys using a scanning laser polarimeter with a fixed corneal compensator (GDx FCC), and to clarify the reproducibility and symmetries (right-left differences) between both eyes for the GDx parameters. METHODS GDx parameters were measured in 36(More)