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BACKGROUND No treatment options are available for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer that progresses after all approved standard therapies, but many patients maintain a good performance status and could be candidates for further therapy. An international phase 3 trial was done to assess the multikinase inhibitor regorafenib in these patients. (More)
Colorectal cancer is a major cause of death in Japan, where it accounts for the largest number of deaths from malignant neoplasms in women and the third largest number in men. Many new treatment methods have been developed over the last few decades. The Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum (JSCCR) guidelines 2010 for the treatment of(More)
Buparlisib (BKM120) is an oral pan-phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor, targeting all four isoforms of class I PI3K (α, β, γ and δ). This open-label Phase I dose-escalation study was conducted to determine the maximum tolerated dose of continuous daily buparlisib in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors. Secondary objectives included safety and(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to compare the sensitive and quality-controlled KRAS testing with direct sequencing and to assess the impact on decision making of treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS We analysed genomic DNA isolated from macrodissected formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens by direct sequencing and an amplification refractory mutation system-Scorpion(More)
BACKGROUND TAS-102 consists of α, α, α-trifluorothymidine (TFT) and an inhibitor of thymidine phosphorylase (TPI). We conducted a dose-escalation phase I study in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumours. METHODS TAS-102 was administered twice daily on days 1-5 and days 8-12 in a 28-day cycle to patients with solid tumours refractory to standard(More)
Retrospective analyses in the West suggest that mutations in KRAS codons 61 and 146, BRAF, NRAS, and PIK3CA are negative predictive factors for cetuximab treatment in colorectal cancer patients. We developed a novel multiplex kit detecting 36 mutations in KRAS codons 61 and 146, BRAF, NRAS, and PIK3CA using Luminex (xMAP) assay in a single reaction. Tumor(More)
BACKGROUND KRAS mutations are predictive markers for the efficacy of anti-EGFR antibody therapies in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Although the mutational status of KRAS is reportedly highly concordant between primary and metastatic lesions, it is not yet clear whether genotoxic chemotherapies might induce additional mutations. METHODS A(More)
PURPOSE This study was to investigate the safety and tolerability of ganitumab in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors. METHODS Patients were enrolled into 1 of 3 dose cohorts (6, 12, or 20 mg/kg) of single-agent ganitumab administered intravenously every 2 weeks. Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was assessed for the first 28 days. The primary(More)
OBJECTIVE Panitumumab was approved in Japan in April 2010 for the treatment of Kirsten rat sarcoma-2 virus oncogene wild-type unresectable and recurrent colorectal cancer. We conducted a post-marketing surveillance study to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of panitumumab. METHODS After panitumumab was commercially available in Japan, all patients to(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy and safety of cetuximab in combination with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil for first-line treatment of Japanese patients with recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. METHODS In this open-label, single-arm, multicenter, Phase II study conducted in Japan, patients with confirmed recurrent(More)