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Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a stress-related mental disorder caused by traumatic experience, and presents with characteristic symptoms, such as intrusive memories, a state of hyperarousal, and avoidance, that endure for years. Single-prolonged stress (SPS) is one of the animal models proposed for PTSD. Rats exposed to SPS showed enhanced(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that the glutamatergic system plays important roles in the pathophysiology and treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). Abnormalities in the glutamatergic system are definitely observed in this disorder, and certain glutamatergic agents exhibit antidepressant effects in patients with MDD. In this review, we summarize the(More)
Hyperfunction of brain 5-hydroxytryptamine(2C) (5-HT(2C)) receptor is suggested to be involved in anxiety as evidenced by the fact that a putative 5-HT(2C) receptor agonist 1-(m-chlorophenyl)-piperazine (m-CPP) causes anxiety in humans. We have recently identified FR260010 (N-[3-(4-methyl-1H-imidazol-1-yl)phenyl]-5,6-dihydrobenzo[h]quinazolin-4-amine(More)
Adenosine A1 receptors in the brain are believed to play an important role in brain functioning. We have discovered a novel adenosine A1 receptor antagonist, FR194921 (2-(1-methyl-4-piperidinyl)-6-(2-phenylpyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-3-yl)-3(2H)-pyridazinone), and characterized the pharmacological activity in the present study. FR194921 showed potent and(More)
Hypofunction of brain N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors has been implicated in psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease. Inhibition of glycine transporter-1 (GlyT1) is expected to increase glycine, a co-agonist of the NMDA receptor and, consequently, to facilitate NMDA receptor function. We have identified ASP2535(More)
The present study was designed to investigate the anti-allodynic effects of current analgesic agents, such as pregabalin, amitriptyline, mexiletine, morphine, and diclofenac, in a rat model of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic neuropathy. Diabetic rats developed a sustained decrease in withdrawal threshold response to the von Frey test within 8 weeks(More)
Measurement of neurite outgrowth is a common assay of neurotrophic activity. However, currently available techniques for measuring neurite outgrowth are either time or resource intensive. The authors established a system in which chronic treatment of a subcloned SH-SY5Y cell line with aphidicolin and various concentrations of nerve growth factor (NGF)(More)
Hyperactivity of the hypothalamic pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis plays a role in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). Recent studies suggest the role of the glutamatergic system in the pathophysiology of MDD, and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists have shown antidepressant effects in both preclinical and clinical studies.(More)
We have recently confirmed that exposure of rats to the single-prolonged stress (SPS) paradigm induces enhanced hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis negative feedback and enhanced anxiety, and found that these changes develop time-dependently following stress exposure, suggesting that it could model the neuroendocrinological and behavioral(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) and other members of the neurotrophin family are critical for the survival and differentiation of neurons within the peripheral and central nervous systems. Neurophilin ligands, including FK506, potentiate NGF-induced neurite outgrowth in several experimental models, although the mechanism of this potentiation is unclear.(More)