Takayuki Yamada

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Mucin-producing intraductal papillary neoplasm (adenocarcinoma/adenoma) in the bile duct is becoming recognized as a specific type of neoplasm. Since, it bears a striking similarity to intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas with regard to its histopathologic features, the term “intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the bile duct”(More)
PURPOSE To preoperatively evaluate anatomic variations of the bronchial arteries by obtaining three-dimensional (3D) simulations with multidetector computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was approved by the institutional review board, and written informed consent was obtained from all participants. Seventy-three consecutive patients(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study was to determine how frequently the right adrenal vein could be unequivocally identified on MDCT and the spectrum of anatomic variations seen in the right adrenal vein. MATERIALS AND METHODS Contrast-enhanced MDCT was performed in 104 patients with thoracoabdominal vascular disease using an 8-MDCT scanner. Both axial and(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively assess the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) for prediction of malignancy and prognosis of malignant astrocytic tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS The institutional review board approved this study and did not require patient informed consent. Findings from 37 consecutive patients (21 men, 16 women; mean age, 43 years) with(More)
Osteoclasts are derived from hematopoietic precursor cells belonging to the monocyte/macrophage lineage. Osteoclast development has been reported to be regulated by several molecules such as macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB ligand (RANKL), and a decoy receptor of RANKL, osteoprotegerin (OPG).(More)
 We compared proviral accessory gene sequences (nef, vpu, vpr, vif, rev, tat) of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) between seven long-term non-progressors (LTNP) and seven progressors. LTNP frequently harbored proviruses with mutated accessory genes, while almost all accessory genes were intact in(More)
BACKGROUND The finite element method (FEM) is a powerful mathematical tool to simulate and visualize the mechanical deformation of tissues and organs during medical examinations or interventions. It is yet a challenge to build up an FEM mesh directly from a volumetric image partially because the regions (or structures) of interest (ROIs) may be irregular(More)
This paper proposes a new topology optimization method, which can adjust the geometrical complexity of optimal configurations, using the level set method and incorporating a fictitious interface energy derived from the phase field method. First, a topology optimization problem is formulated based on the level set method, and the method of regularizing the(More)