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Radiation therapy is one of the primary treatment modalities for cancer along with chemotherapy and surgical therapy. The main mechanism of the tumor reduction after irradiation has been considered to be damage to the tumor DNA. However, we found that tumor-specific CTL, which were induced in the draining lymph nodes (DLN) and tumor tissue of tumor-bearing(More)
3-Methylcholanthrene (MCA)-induced sarcomas have been used as conventional tools for investigating immunosurveillance against tumor development. However, MCA-induced sarcoma is not always an ideal model for the study of the human cancer system because carcinomas and not sarcomas are the dominant types of human cancers. To resolve this problem, we(More)
Based on the evidence that IL-17 is a key cytokine involved in various inflammatory diseases, we explored the critical role of IL-17-producing gammadelta T cells for tumor development in tumor-bearing mouse model. IL-17(-/-) mice exhibited a significant reduction of tumor growth, concomitantly with the decrease of vascular density at lesion area, indicating(More)
1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25D3), the active form of vitamin D(3), is an immunoregulatory hormone with beneficial effects on Th1 cell-mediated inflammatory diseases. Although IL-17-producing CD4(+) T helper (Th17) cells have been recently identified as novel effector cells, the immunomodulating effects of 1,25D3 on Th17 cells have not been well defined.(More)
A patient with pulmonary metastasis of colon cancer was treated with artificially synthesized helper/killer-hybrid epitope long peptide (H/K-HELP) of MAGE-A4 cancer antigen. The patient was vaccinated with MAGE-A4-H/K-HELP combined with OK432 and Montanide ISA-51. There were no severe side-effects except for a skin reaction at the injection site.(More)
Unmethylated cytosine-phosphorothioate-guanine containing oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG-ODN) is known as a ligand of toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9), which selectively activates type-1 immunity. We have already reported that the vaccination of tumor-bearing mice with liposome-CpG coencapsulated with model-tumor antigen, ovalbumin (OVA) (CpG + OVA-liposome) caused(More)
Tumor antigen-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes, especially interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)-producing type-1 helper T (Th1) and type-1 cytotoxic T (Tc1) cells, play a crucial role in tumor eradication. Adoptive transfer using tumor-specific Th1 and Tc1 cells is a promising therapeutic strategy for tumor immunotherapy. However, its clinical application has(More)
Cancer-testis (CT) antigens were identified as a group of highly attractive targets for cancer immunotherapy because of their expression in a variety of malignant tumors but solely in the testis among the normal adult tissues. To evaluate the potential of two members of this family, MAGE-A4 and NY-ESO-1 antigens, for cancer vaccine in non-small cell lung(More)
CD4+ Th cells, in particular IFN-gamma-producing Th1 cells, play a critical role in the activation and maintenance of Tc1 cells that are essential for tumor eradication. Here, we report the generation of artificial tumor-specific Th1 and Tc1 cells from nonspecifically activated T cells using a lentiviral transduction system. Anti-CD3-activated T cells from(More)
Graft-versus-host reaction (GVHR) is considered as a problem in hematopoietic cell transplantation. We found that CD45RB(high) CD62L(+) naïve CD4(+) T cells from wild-type B10D2 (H-2d MMTV6(-)) mice immediately differentiated into effector T cells producing high-levels of various cytokines after the transfer into BALB/c RAG2(-/-) (H-2d MMTV6(+)) mice. The(More)