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In human mitochondria, 10 mRNAs species are generated from a long polycistronic precursor that is transcribed from the heavy chain of mitochondrial DNA, in theory yielding equal copy numbers of mRNA molecules. However, the steady-state levels of these mRNAs differ substantially. Through absolute quantification of mRNAs in HeLa cells, we show that the copy(More)
From 1976 to 2006, 896 vestibular schwannomas were operated on using an extended middle cranial fossa approach. With this approach, the operative field can be extended according to tumor size and the facial and cochlear nerves can be preserved more easily with cooperation between the neurosurgeon and ENT surgeon. The mortality rate among 896 vestibular(More)
RATIONALE It is well known that the newer H1-receptor antagonists elicit better performance of working memory and selective attention relative to the first generation drugs in this class. However, the neural correlates of the poorer performance associated with first-generation H1-receptor antagonists remain unknown. OBJECTIVES This study examined the(More)
BACKGROUND Petroclival meningiomas are vaguely defined as tumours arising from the antero-medial zone to the internal auditory meatus. This report subclassifies petroclival meningiomas based on their origin determined by using radiological and intra-operative findings. METHOD Ninety-one patients with petroclival meningioma underwent surgery via the(More)
Histamine H1 receptor antagonists (antihistamines) are widely used for the treatment of allergic disorders in young children. This study examined the effects of antihistamine on prefrontal cortex activity in preschool children using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), an emerging brain-imaging method suitable for psychological experiments, especially in(More)
In patients with hemifacial spasm (HFS) the spasm is due to cross compression of the facial nerve by a blood vessel and microvascular decompression (MVD) has proved to be a successful treatment. Abnormal muscle response (AMR), which can be elicited by one facial nerve branch stimulation in muscles innervated by other branches of the facial nerve, is(More)
OBJECT Although gross-total resection (GTR) is a preferable treatment for skull base meningiomas, subtotal resection (STR) with or without radiation therapy can be considered as an alternative treatment for patients at considerable surgical risk. The long-term prognosis of such patients might be related to the biological activity of the tumor. This study(More)
Hemifacial spasm can be caused by vascular compression of the facial nerve at the root exit zone from the brainstem. Several case reports suggest that narrowing of the cerebellopontine angle cistern caused by Paget's disease, abnormal elevation of the petrous bone caused by hyperplasia, or contralateral acoustic neurinoma may increase the chance of vascular(More)
Thirty-six cases of petroclival meningiomas with clearly defined anatomical features were selected to analyze the site of tumor attachment and the displacement of the trigeminal nerve. The tumors were classified into four categories according to the origin and extension of the tumor: clival origin medial to the trigeminal nerve (upper clivus type), clival(More)
We attempted to investigate immunohistochemical expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PD-ECGF), c-erbB-2, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), and MMP-9 using surgical specimens of 119 non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cases and to evaluate the relationship between(More)