Learn More
The blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) signal measured in the brain with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during an activation experiment often exhibits pronounced transients at the beginning and end of the stimulus. Such transients could be a reflection of transients in the underlying neural activity, or they could result from transients in(More)
The linearity of the cerebral perfusion response relative to stimulus duration is an important consideration in the characterization of the relationship between regional cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral metabolism, and the blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signal. It is also a critical component in the design and analysis of functional(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to establish an MRI classification system for intervertebral disks using axial T2 mapping, with a special focus on evaluating early degenerative intervertebral disks. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-nine healthy volunteers (19 men, 10 women; age range, 20-44 years; mean age, 31.8 years) were studied, and axial T2 mapping(More)
It has been generally suggested that chewing produces an enhancing effect on cognitive performance-related aspects of memory by the test battery. Furthermore, recent studies have shown that chewing is associated with activation of various brain regions, including the prefrontal cortex. However, little is known about the relation between cognitive(More)
We measured brain metabolites in the medial prefrontal cortex of 19 schizophrenic patients and 18 healthy controls by 3 T proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS), and examined the relationship between prefrontal cortex-related neurocognitive functions and brain metabolites in the medial prefrontal cortex. The patients with schizophrenia exhibited(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate delayed gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of cartilage for assessment of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) concentration in reparative cartilage after autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI). MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was approved by the ethics review committee of the National Institute of Radiological(More)
The corpus callosum is the major commissure connecting the cerebral hemispheres, and there is evidence of its change with aging. The sub-regions of the corpus callosum (genu, rostral body, anterior midbody, posterior midbody, isthmus, splenium) respectively comprise fibers connecting heteromodal- and unimodal-associated cortical regions, and it is known(More)
BACKGROUND Heavy alcohol intake induces both structural and functional changes in the central nervous system. Recent research developments converged on the idea that even in patients with alcohol dependence without apparent structural brain changes, some cognitive impairment exists, and associated functional change could be visualized by neuroimaging(More)
The exact mechanism of selective motor neuron death in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) remains still unclear. In the present study, we performed in vivo capillary imaging, directly measured spinal blood flow (SBF) and glucose metabolism, and analyzed whether if a possible flow-metabolism coupling is disturbed in motor neuron degeneration of ALS model(More)
The internal capsule (IC) includes various fiber tracts supporting sensory, motor and cognitive abilities. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is useful for the diagnosis of brain diseases related to IC. However, there is some risk of misdiagnosis when measuring diffusion parameters throughout the whole IC without knowledge of age-related changes, as the thin(More)