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The blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) signal measured in the brain with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during an activation experiment often exhibits pronounced transients at the beginning and end of the stimulus. Such transients could be a reflection of transients in the underlying neural activity, or they could result from transients in(More)
We measured brain metabolites in the medial prefrontal cortex of 19 schizophrenic patients and 18 healthy controls by 3 T proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS), and examined the relationship between prefrontal cortex-related neurocognitive functions and brain metabolites in the medial prefrontal cortex. The patients with schizophrenia exhibited(More)
It has been generally suggested that chewing produces an enhancing effect on cognitive performance-related aspects of memory by the test battery. Furthermore, recent studies have shown that chewing is associated with activation of various brain regions, including the prefrontal cortex. However, little is known about the relation between cognitive(More)
The corpus callosum is the major commissure connecting the cerebral hemispheres, and there is evidence of its change with aging. The sub-regions of the corpus callosum (genu, rostral body, anterior midbody, posterior midbody, isthmus, splenium) respectively comprise fibers connecting heteromodal- and unimodal-associated cortical regions, and it is known(More)
BACKGROUND Heavy alcohol intake induces both structural and functional changes in the central nervous system. Recent research developments converged on the idea that even in patients with alcohol dependence without apparent structural brain changes, some cognitive impairment exists, and associated functional change could be visualized by neuroimaging(More)
The internal capsule (IC) includes various fiber tracts supporting sensory, motor and cognitive abilities. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is useful for the diagnosis of brain diseases related to IC. However, there is some risk of misdiagnosis when measuring diffusion parameters throughout the whole IC without knowledge of age-related changes, as the thin(More)
BACKGROUND Our previous study has shown that prenatal exposure to X-ray irradiation causes cerebral hypo-perfusion during the postnatal development of central nervous system (CNS). However, the source of the hypo-perfusion and its impact on the CNS development remains unclear. The present study developed an automatic analysis method to determine the mean(More)
The current study using single case voxel-based morphometry (VBM) of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ¹H-MR-spectroscopy (¹H-MRS) explores the neural background of unexplained seizure attacks and electroencephalography (EEG) abnormalities persisting even after liver transplantation in a patient with adult-onset type II citrullinemia (CTLN2). Although(More)
We evaluated Feldkamp artifacts, which are specific to cone-beam computed tomography (CT), in phantom and clinical studies using the 256-multidetector-row CT (256MDCT), and compared the reconstruction accuracy of axial and helical scans. Image noise, slice sensitivity profile (SSP) and artifacts with the 256MDCT were evaluated using a phantom, and the(More)
BACKGROUND Glutathione (GSH), a major intracellular antioxidant, plays a role in NMDA receptor-mediated neurotransmission, which is involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether GSH levels are altered in the posterior medial frontal cortex of schizophrenic patients. Furthermore, we examined(More)