Takayuki Nishiwaki

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Survivin, a new member of the inhibitor-of-apoptosis (IAP) family, has been reported to be expressed in many cancers but not in differentiated normal tissue. Its expression in esophageal cancer, however, has not been reported. We investigated 51 esophageal cancers and their adjacent normal epithelial tissues for mRNA expression of survivin by RT-PCR. The(More)
The short arm of chromosome 3 is thought to contain multiple tumor suppressor genes, because one copy of this chromosomal arm frequently is missing in carcinomas that have arisen in a variety of tissues. We have isolated a novel gene encoding a 1755-amino acid polypeptide, through large-scale sequencing of genomic DNA at 3p21.3. Mutational analysis of this(More)
Through a large-scale sequencing of genomic DNA at 3p22-->p21.3, we have isolated two human genes (ORCTL3 alias OCTL1 and ORCTL4 alias OCTL2) encoding novel members of the family of organic-cation transporter molecules. The predicted proteins revealed the highest similarities to recently- isolated organic-cation transporter proteins, rat OCT-1r, rat NLT and(More)
Beta-catenin plays significant roles in cell-to-cell adhesion and the Wnt/Wg signal transduction pathway. Accumulation of this protein in the cytoplasm and nucleus as a result of mutations of the adenomatous polyposis coli tumor suppressor gene or of the beta-catenin gene itself is often seen in a wide variety of tumors including carcinomas of the colon,(More)
The long arm of chromosome 9 is thought to contain one or more putative tumor suppressor genes that are mutated in squamous cell carcinomas. This region shows frequent loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in carcinomas arising in several developmentally related tissues, including the esophagus, head and neck, lung, and urinary bladder. We previously delineated the(More)
beta-Catenin, a key regulator of cellular proliferation, is often mutated in various types of human cancer. To investigate cellular responses related to the beta-catenin signaling pathway, we applied a differential display method using mouse cells transfected with an activated form of mutant beta-catenin. This analysis and subsequent northern-blot(More)
We previously determined the nucleotide sequence and characterized the 685-kb proximal half of CEPH YAC936c1, which corresponds to a portion of human chromosome 3p21.3. In the study reported here, we characterized the remaining 515-kb of this YAC clone corresponding to the telomeric half of its human insert. The newly sequenced region contained a total of(More)
Members of the Rho family of small guanosine triphosphatases (Rho-GTPases) have emerged as key coordinators of signaling pathways leading to remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton, a process that plays a critical role in cell adhesion and migration. However, the precise regulatory mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Here we report isolation of a novel human(More)
It is difficult to establish stable packaging cell lines producing retrovirus vectors for the expression of anti-oncogenes with cytotoxic or cytostatic potential, because these genes would also affect the growth of the packaging cell lines. To overcome this problem, we designed a transcriptional unit pBabeLPL for vector RNA production, in which the(More)
We determined the nucleotide sequence of the entire 1,010,525-bp insert contained in CEPH YAC clone 867e8. This human genomic segment was derived from chromosome 9q31.3 and corresponds to a G-band region. We compared this segment, in terms of structure, with a previously characterized 1,201,033-bp sequence in CEPH YAC936c1 that had come from a portion of(More)