Takayuki Nakagawa

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Ezrin/radixin/moesin (ERM) proteins cross-link actin filaments to plasma membranes to integrate the function of cortical layers, especially microvilli. We found that in cochlear and vestibular sensory hair cells of adult wild-type mice, radixin was specifically enriched in stereocilia, specially developed giant microvilli, and that radixin-deficient(More)
This study aimed to examine the possibility of restoration of spiral ganglion neurons, which transmit sound stimulation to the brain, by transplantation of fetal neural stem cells (NSCs) into the modiolus of cochleae. Fetal mouse NSCs expressing green fluorescence were injected into the modiolus of cisplatin-treated cochleae of mice. The temporal bones were(More)
Immune-mediated inner ear disorder has been well established as a clinical entity; however, the innate immune system of the inner ear is a poorly understood area of research with high clinical and immunological importance. Although the presence of resident tissue macrophages in the inner ear has been suggested, there has been some controversy. In this(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this experimental study was to examine the potential of local recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-1 (rhIGF-1) application through a biodegradable hydrogel for the treatment of cochleae. METHODS A hydrogel immersed with rhIGF-1 was placed on the round window membrane of Sprague-Dawley rats while a hydrogel immersed with(More)
The emergence of superoxide anion radicals (O2-) in the guinea pig inner ear following acoustic trauma was investigated by histochemical methods. Five minutes after exposure to sound at 120–125 dB SPL for 3 h, an O2- reaction product was detected in the cochlea along the luminal membrane of the marginal cells of the stria vascularis. This reaction product(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) orchestrate immune responses according to their state of maturation. In response to infection, DCs differentiate into mature cells that initiate immune responses, while in the absence of infection, most of them remain in an immature form that induces tolerance to self Ags. Understanding what controls these opposing effects is an(More)
Although aminoglycosides have been investigated for their cochleotoxicity, it has still not been determined whether apoptosis or necrosis results in cochlear hair cell death following aminoglycoside treatment. To study possible mechanisms of cell death, we used in situ DNA break-labeling to examine guinea pig cochleae affected by kanamycin ototoxicity.(More)
The post-natal cochlear mammalian epithelium have no capacity to proliferate in tissue, however, dissociated supporting cells exhibit the ability to divide and trans-differentiate into new hair cells in vitro, with this process found to be correlated with the downregulation of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(kip1). Here we show that knockdown of(More)
Loss of sensory hair cells in the inner ear is a major cause of permanent hearing loss, since regeneration of hair cells rarely occurs in mammals. The aim of this study was to examine the potential of neural stem cell transplantation to restore inner ear hair cells in mice. Fetal neural stem cells were transplanted into the mouse inner ear after(More)
This study aimed to evaluate the potential of bone marrow stromal cells for treatment of inner ear diseases. Autologous marrow cells labeled with Dil were implanted into the inner ear of five gentamicin-treated chinchillas. Histological analysis 3 weeks later revealed robust survival of grafted marrow cells in multiple regions within the cochlea. Marrow(More)