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Chemokines are a family of peptides originally identified as the factors regulating the migration of leukocytes in inflammatory and immune responses. Recently, they have been shown to be produced in the central and peripheral nervous systems under various pathological conditions and act on neuronal and glial cells. In this study, we examined the production(More)
BACKGROUND The frequent association of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease with components of the metabolic syndrome such as obesity, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, and hypertension is well known. However, no prospective study has examined the role of the metabolic syndrome in the development of this disease. OBJECTIVE To characterize the longitudinal(More)
Chronic use of morphine leads to physical and psychological dependence. The amygdala is known to be involved in the expression of emotion such as anxiety and fear, and several studies have shown that the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) is involved in morphine dependence. In the present study, we investigated the role of glutamate receptors within the(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that neuroimmune interactions contribute to pathological pain. Transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2) is a nonselective Ca²⁺-permeable cation channel that acts as a sensor for reactive oxygen species. TRPM2 is expressed abundantly in immune cells and is important in inflammatory processes. The results of the present(More)
Recent electrophysiological, behavioral, and biochemical studies revealed that ATP plays a role in facilitating spinal pain transmission via ionotropic P2X nucleotide receptors, although the involvement of metabotropic P2Y nucleotide receptors remains unclear. In the present study, we examined the effects of i.t. administration of P2Y receptor agonists UTP,(More)
PURPOSE Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) induces resistance to reversible and irreversible epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI) in EGFR mutant lung cancer cells by activating Met and the downstream phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway. Moreover, continuous exposure to HGF accelerates the emergence of(More)
Reactive astrogliosis, defined by abnormal morphology and excessive cell proliferation, is a characteristic response of astrocytes to CNS injuries, including intracerebral hemorrhage. Thrombin, a major blood-derived serine protease, leaks into the brain parenchyma upon blood-brain barrier disruption and can induce brain injury and astrogliosis. Transient(More)
BACKGROUND The glial glutamate transporter GLT-1 is abundantly expressed in astrocytes and is crucial for glutamate removal from the synaptic cleft. Decreases in glutamate uptake activity and expression of spinal glutamate transporters are reported in animal models of pathological pain. However, the lack of available specific inhibitors and/or activators(More)
HOTAIR is one of long non-coding RNAs and its expression correlates with the prognosis and metastasis in various cancers. We showed that HOTAIR expression has an important role in the development of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study, we examined the expression of HOTAIR in 77 NSCLCs, their corresponding normal lung tissues and 6 brain(More)
Human RECQL1 and RECQL5 belong to the RecQ family that includes Bloom syndrome, Werner syndrome, and Rothmund-Thomson syndrome causative genes. Cells derived from individuals suffering from these syndromes show significant levels of genomic instability. However, neither RECQL1 nor RECQL5 has been related to a disease, and nothing is known about the(More)