Takayuki Miki

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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the role of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and its link to protein kinase C (PKC) in the late phase of cardioprotection afforded by ischemic preconditioning (PC) against myocardial stunning. METHODS AND RESULTS Rabbits were instrumented with a balloon occluder around a coronary artery and with a(More)
In spite of the current optimal therapy, the mortality of patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) remains high, particularly in cases with diabetes mellitus (DM) as a co-morbidity. Myocardial infarct size is a major determinant of prognosis in IHD patients, and development of a novel strategy to limit infarction is of great clinical importance. Ischemic(More)
Since diabetic cardiomyopathy was first reported four decades ago, substantial information on its pathogenesis and clinical features has accumulated. In the heart, diabetes enhances fatty acid metabolism, suppresses glucose oxidation, and modifies intracellular signaling, leading to impairments in multiple steps of excitation-contraction coupling,(More)
Ischemic preconditioning (PC) suppresses chemical coupling of cardiomyocytes via gap junctions (GJs) during ischemia, which is an adjunct mechanism of protection. The aim of this study was to characterize roles of protein kinases in PC-induced GJ modulation. In isolated rat hearts, ventricular tissues were sampled before and after ischemia with or without(More)
OBJECTIVE—Alteration in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in diabetic hearts and its effect on cytoprotective signaling are unclear. Here, we examine the hypothesis that ER stress in diabetic hearts impairs phospho– glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3␤–mediated suppression of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening, compromising myocardial(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemic preconditioning accelerates suppression of gap junction (GJ) permeability during myocardial ischemia, and GJ blockers reduce infarct size. We hypothesized that the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ (mitoKATP) channel is one of the mechanisms regulating GJ permeability through the mitogen-activated protein kinase ERK, leading to(More)
The gap junction plays roles not only in electrical coupling of cardiomyocytes but also in intercellular transport of biologically active substances. Furthermore, the gap junction participates in decision making on cell survival versus cell death in various types of cells, and a part of reperfusion injury in the heart has been indicated to be gap junction(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with an increased risk of ischemic heart disease and of adverse outcomes following myocardial infarction (MI). Here we assessed the role of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in ventricular dysfunction and outcomes after MI in type 2 DM (T2DM). METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In hearts of OLETF, a rat(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the hypothesis that hypertensive hypertrophy is vulnerable to infarction and defective in cytoprotective mechanisms by modification of intracellular signaling and mitochondrial proteins. Myocardial infarction was induced by 20-minute coronary occlusion/reperfusion in spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rats(More)
OBJECTIVE The role of microtubules in ischemic preconditioning (PC) was investigated in isolated perfused rabbit hearts. METHODS Myocardial infarction was induced by 30-min global ischemia and 2-h reperfusion, and infarct size was expressed as a percentage of the left ventricle (%IS/LV). Using separate groups of rabbits, ventricular biopsies were taken(More)