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Recently we found that the level of anti-infarct tolerance afforded by ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and erythropoietin (EPO) infusion was closely correlated with the level of Ser9-phospho-GSK-3beta upon reperfusion in the heart. To get an insight into the mechanism by which phospho-GSK-3beta protects the myocardium from ischemia/reperfusion injury, we(More)
RATIONALE The diabetic heart is resistant to ischemic preconditioning because of diabetes-associated impairment of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt signaling. The mechanism by which PI3K-Akt signaling is impaired by diabetes remains unclear. OBJECTIVE Here, we examined the hypothesis that phosphorylation of Jak2 upstream of PI3K is impaired in(More)
The present study describes a method for rapidly cooling the whole body via its blood pool and tests whether cooling instituted after ischemia has begun can sill limit infarction. We also evaluated whether the cardiac protection seen with cooling could be added to that from ischemic preconditioning. Recently it was reported that lowering myocardial(More)
Recent studies have reported that protection from ischemic preconditioning (PC) is blocked by the opioid receptor antagonist naloxone (NAL). We tested whether an opioid agonist could mimic PC in the rabbit heart, whether that protection involved protein kinase C (PKC) activation, and whether opioid receptors act in concert with other PKC-coupled receptors.(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine the hypothesis that acceleration of gap junction (GJ) closure during ischemia contributes to anti-infarct tolerance afforded by preconditioning (PC). First, the effects of PC on GJ communication during ischemia were assessed. Isolated buffer-perfused rabbit hearts were subjected to 5-min global ischemia with or(More)
Postinfarct remodeling impairs mechanisms of ischemic preconditioning. We examined whether myocardial response to activation of the erythropoietin (EPO) receptor is modified by postinfarct remodeling. Four weeks after induction of myocardial infarction (MI) by coronary ligation in post-MI group (post-MI) or a sham operation in sham group (sham), rat hearts(More)
We have recently shown that the protective mechanism of ischemic preconditioning (PC) is impaired in the myocardium that survived infarction and underwent postinfarct ventricular remodeling. In this study, we examined the hypothesis that failure of PC to activate PKC-ε underlies the refractoriness of the remodeling heart to PC. Circumflex coronary arteries(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether erythropoietin (EPO) affords additional cardioprotection to the preconditioned myocardium by enhanced phosphorylation of Akt, STAT3, or glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3 beta). Preconditioning (PC) with 5-min ischemia/5-min reperfusion and EPO (5,000 U/kg iv) reduced infarct size (as % of area at risk,(More)
In spite of the current optimal therapy, the mortality of patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) remains high, particularly in cases with diabetes mellitus (DM) as a co-morbidity. Myocardial infarct size is a major determinant of prognosis in IHD patients, and development of a novel strategy to limit infarction is of great clinical importance. Ischemic(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the role of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and its link to protein kinase C (PKC) in the late phase of cardioprotection afforded by ischemic preconditioning (PC) against myocardial stunning. METHODS AND RESULTS Rabbits were instrumented with a balloon occluder around a coronary artery and with a(More)