Learn More
Implications of mastication in energy intake and expenditure regulated by histamine (HA) neurons were investigated in rats. Depletion of neuronal HA from the mesencephalic trigeminal sensory nucleus (Me5) reduced eating speed, but that from a satiety center of the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) increased both meal size and its duration leaving eating speed(More)
To examine the involvement of ghrelin in obesity, we investigated the effects of treatment with peripherally administered ghrelin on food intake, adiposity, and expression of uncoupling protein (UCP) mRNA in brown (BAT) and white (WAT) adipose tissue in mice. Acute bolus administration of ghrelin at a dose of 120 nmol/kg increased cumulative food intake(More)
Hypothalamic neuronal histamine and its H(1) receptor (H(1)-R) form a part of the leptin-signaling pathway in the brain and have been shown to regulate body weight and adiposity in diabetic (db/db) and diet-induced obese mice by affecting food intake and uncoupling protein mRNA expression. The proopiomelanocortin (POMC) melanocortin-4 receptor (MC-4R) is(More)
To clarify the functional roles of ghrelin in regulating energy balance, we investigated the effects of a central infusion of ghrelin on food intake and the activity of the sympathetic nerve innervating brown adipose tissue (BAT), the site regulating energy expenditure in rodents. A bolus infusion of ghrelin at a dose of 1 nmol/rat into the third cerebral(More)
To examine the functional role of CRH in the regulation of energy homeostasis by leptin, we measured the effects of the CRH antagonist, alpha-helical CRH 8-41 (alphaCRH) on a number of factors affected by leptin activity. These included food intake, body weight, hypothalamic c-fos-like immunoreactivity (c-FLI), weight and histological characterization of(More)
Apelin, the endogenous ligand of the APJ receptor, has been identified in a variety of tissues, including stomach, heart, skeletal muscle, and white adipose tissue. We sought to clarify the effects of apelin on body adiposity and the expression of uncoupling proteins (UCPs) in C57BL/6 mice. Treatment with ip apelin at a dose of 0.1 mumol/kg.d for 14 d(More)
To clarify the neuronal mechanism of the hypothalamic melanocortin system in regulating energy metabolism, we investigated the effects of centrally administered alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) and agouti-related protein (AGRP), an agonist and an antagonist for the melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4-R), respectively, on the activity of sympathetic(More)
Histamine-containing neurons and histamine H1 receptors are distributed within the brain and peripheral tissues. The results of physiological and pharmacological studies have revealed that brain histamine and H1 receptors are involved in the regulation of feeding and obesity in rodents. The adipocytokine leptin regulates feeding and obesity, partially(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) stimulates insulin secretion and suppresses food intake. Recent studies indicate that the hepatic vagal afferent nerve is involved in this response. Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitor extends the half-life of endogenous GLP-1 by preventing its degradation. This study aimed to determine whether DPP-IV inhibitor-induced(More)
This study examined how orexin regulates the activity of the sympathetic nerves that innervate brown adipose tissue (BAT) in rats. Infusion of orexin A at a dose of 0.3 nmol into the third cerebral ventricle decreased BAT sympathetic nerve activity, compared with the effect of PBS (P < 0.05), whereas infusion of orexin B at the same dose caused a(More)