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An endothelium-derived 21-residue vasoconstrictor peptide, endothelin, has been isolated, and shown to be one of the most potent vasoconstrictors known. Cloning and sequencing of preproendothelin complementary DNA shows that mature endothelin is generated through an unusual proteolytic processing, and regional homologies to a group of neurotoxins suggest(More)
Endothelial dysfunction or activation elicited by oxidatively modified low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, characterized by intimal thickening and lipid deposition in the arteries. Ox-LDL and its lipid constituents impair endothelial production of nitric oxide, and induce the endothelial expression of(More)
The localization of endothelin 1 mRNA and endothelin-like immunoreactivity was investigated in samples of neurologically normal nervous system tissue from 10 adults by using in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry. Tissue sections of spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia were hybridized with an 35S-radiolabeled endothelin 1 complementary RNA probe.(More)
Tau proteins are a class of low molecular mass microtubule-associated proteins that are specifically expressed in the nervous system. A cDNA clone of adult rat tau was isolated and sequenced. To analyze functions of tau proteins in vivo, we carried out transfection experiments. A fibroblast cell line, which was transfected with the cDNA, expressed three(More)
Presenilin 1 (PS1) is the causative gene for an autosomal dominant familial Alzheimer's disease (AD) mapped to chromosome 14. Here we show that QM/Jun-interacting factor (Jif)-1, a negative regulator of c-Jun, is a candidate to mediate the function of PS1 in the cell. We screened for proteins that bind to PS1 from a human embryonic brain cDNA library using(More)
Hippocalcin is a member of the neuronal calcium sensor (NCS) protein family that is highly expressed in hippocampal pyramidal cells and moderately expressed in the neurons of cerebral cortex, cerebellum and striatum. Here we examined the physiological roles of hippocalcin using targeted gene disruption. Hippocalcin-deficient (-/-) mice displayed no obvious(More)
Implications of mastication in energy intake and expenditure regulated by histamine (HA) neurons were investigated in rats. Depletion of neuronal HA from the mesencephalic trigeminal sensory nucleus (Me5) reduced eating speed, but that from a satiety center of the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) increased both meal size and its duration leaving eating speed(More)
The ATP-ubiquitin-dependent proteolytic pathway (ubiquitin pathway) is believed to be involved in the formation of various neuronal inclusion bodies including Lewy bodies (LBs), a pathological hallmark of Parkinson disease and diffuse Lewy body disease (DLBD). Since multicatalytic proteinase (MCP) is involved in the ubiquitin pathway, an investigation of(More)
To examine the involvement of ghrelin in obesity, we investigated the effects of treatment with peripherally administered ghrelin on food intake, adiposity, and expression of uncoupling protein (UCP) mRNA in brown (BAT) and white (WAT) adipose tissue in mice. Acute bolus administration of ghrelin at a dose of 120 nmol/kg increased cumulative food intake(More)
Hypothalamic neuronal histamine and its H(1) receptor (H(1)-R) form a part of the leptin-signaling pathway in the brain and have been shown to regulate body weight and adiposity in diabetic (db/db) and diet-induced obese mice by affecting food intake and uncoupling protein mRNA expression. The proopiomelanocortin (POMC) melanocortin-4 receptor (MC-4R) is(More)