Takayuki Kurazono

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Identification of species has long been done by phenotype-based methodologies. Recently, genotype-based species identification has been shown to be possible by way of Genome profiling, which is based on a temperature gradient gel electrophoresis (TGGE) analysis of random PCR products. However, the results, though sufficient in information, provided by(More)
The PCR primers for O, H, and Vi antigen genes, tyv (rfbE), prt (rfbS), fliC-d, fliC-a, and viaB, were designed and used for the rapid identification of Salmonella enterica serovars Typhi and Paratyphi A with multiplex PCR. The results showed that all the clinical isolates examined of Salmonella serovars Typhi and Paratyphi A were accurately identified by(More)
A newly described Vibrio cholerae O139 was isolated from a patient who had traveled in India on April 1993. The patient experienced 5 to 6 watery diarrhea per day after he returned to Japan. The isolated strain registered as K111 did not agglutinate with O1-O138 antiserum and agglutinated with O139 antiserum. This strain resembled V. cholerae O1 strain in(More)
A shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O26 strain resistant to cefotaxime (CTX) and cefpodoxime (but not ceftazidime) was isolated from the faecal sample of a 17-year-old outpatient with diarrhea. The double disk synergy test, twin test, polymerase chain reaction and sequence analysis confirmed that the strain produced CTX-M-3 type(More)
Strains of the multidrug-resistant (MDR) Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium isolated in Japan were examined for high-level fluoroquinolone resistance. Since the first isolation in 2000 (described in reference 13), we have identified 12 human and 5 nonhuman isolates with high-level fluoroquinolone-resistance (ciprofloxacin MIC of 24 microg/ml or more).(More)
BACKGROUND Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 infection causes severe diseases such as bloody diarrhea and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). Although EHEC O157:H7 strains have exhibited high genetic variability, their abilities to cause human diseases have not been fully examined. METHODS Clade typing and stx subtyping of EHEC O157:H7(More)
*Corresponding author: Mailing address: Kawagoe City Public Health Center, 817-1, Ogaya, Kawagoe-shi, Saitama 350-1104, Japan. E-mail: eiseikensa@city.kawagoe.saitama.jp We report here an outbreak of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium infection at a snapping turtle (Suppon) restaurant in Japan. On September 27, 2007, a public health center received a(More)
A total of 168 Campylobacter strains (154 C. jejuni and 14 C. coli) isolated from human clinical samples and chicken meat were typed using Penner serotyping, randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD), and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) with four restriction enzymes (Sac II, Sal I, Sma I, Kpn I). The 168 strains were found to represent 13 different(More)
Vibrio cholerae O139, a causative agent of a large epidemic of cholera-like illness, has suddenly emerged and spread widely over several months. To investigate the characteristics unique to O139, traditional typing techniques for V. cholerae, such as biochemical characteristics, antibiotic susceptibility and detection of toxin production, were performed,(More)